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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  December 1, 2020 10:30am-11:01am +03

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easy's is that we needed that goal equal to win the war against them, because we did have an insight on how the disease through in the us look like to be able to find a drug against a man for something completely different. a giant robot has come to life. the japanese city of yokohama, the 18 metre, tall machine, is a life sized walking representation of a character from the 1970, s. children cartoon mobile suit them. it's the centerpiece of a new theme park based on the show, the park will open on december 19th. it is good to have you with us. hello, adrian finnegan, here in doha, the headlines and i was here, a iran's parliament has approved changes to rules governing its nuclear program. politicians have passed a draft motion to halt on restricted access to its nuclear sites by the international atomic energy agency said big in terror and says that politicians
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have been pushing to specific changes. one is to stop i.a.e.a. inspectors. now. that's a part of something called the additional protocol, which gives i.a.e.a. inspectors under strict access to iran's nuclear sites without any prior notice. that's in addition to the 247 on line monitoring of iran's nuclear sites. so they want the government to hold that to stop that happening now. they're also asking the government to increase nuclear enrichment to 20 percent. now in the j.c. p.o. way that 2050 nuclear deal, the limit is that 3.6 percent and iran just increased that to 4.5 percent. what the parliamentarians are asking is to increase that to 20 percent u.s. drug maker, madonna is seeking approval from american and european regulators for emergency use of its coronavirus vaccine. it says that final trial results confirm that it's more than 94 percent effective. but turner is the 2nd company to file for such approval
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. cases are rising steadily across the u.s. with one 139000. new infections confirmed on sunday, the battleground states of arizona and wisconsin, the latest to certify joe biden's election, victory deals another blow to u.s. president. donald trump's attempts to hold on to power with legal challenges recounts, however, trump is expected to continue fighting the results. india's government has invited farmers unions for talks following major protests over new laws that could affect produce prices. tens of thousands of people have been taking part in rallies in new delhi. many travel from outside the city at a camping along highways pharmacy that the new laws will put an end to minimum prices that they've been guaranteed. that's it. you're up to date boney's fee here and i was 0 after today's inside story. next there is no channel. world news likely to discounters like nothing you've ever seen. but we want to know how
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do these things affect people? we revisit me state even when they're no international headlines. al-jazeera really invests in them and that's a privilege. as a journalist boko haram, terrorizes northern nigeria. on saturday the group killed more than a 100 civilians in the northeast. it's one of the most violent attacks in you. what's been done to find boko haram and can it be defeated? this is inside story. hello, welcome to the program and burn it's. nigeria's government has repeatedly said it has defeated boko haram. yet after more than 10 years of fighting, the group violence is on the rise in the northeast boko haram is suspected of being
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behind an attack on saturday was described as the most violent on civilians this year. the u.n. says at least 110 people were killed in an assault on the farmers in rice fields near borno state capital. by do agree on that edris reports from the nigerian capital abuja. they are troubled more than a 1000 kilometers to find jobs in one of the most dangerous places to live and work in that area. they ended up in the hands of will go out on bond and then slaughter 43 victims laid to rest in the cemetery. but once we're going in one, never seen anything like this in my life. you can see 43 dead bodies here up to now there is somebody to a yet to be recovered from the bush. indeed, it is a frightening situation. a search is being carried out for dozens of others who are missing, but most are presumed dead. 6 of those are being treated in hospital for serious
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injuries. the state governor is turning to look to close for help. we shall ensure more recruitment of civilian j.t. and more hunters so that our people will take the fight to all the nooks and crannies of this area. the farm workers will contract to, to harvest crops, some 25 kilometers away from the city of my degree. the men out there were killed to suggest they attack us or careful not to attract attention. but last month the armed group killed $22.00 farmers in 2 separate attacks outside the regional capital in a degree. the president has issued a statement condemning the recent attack, but after a decade of such raids by boko haram and the ongoing ethnic violence kidnappings under robberies. many nigerians say the government is not doing enough to protect the united nations resident representative issued a statement condemning the attack saying many women had also been abducted. an estimated 36000 nigerians have been killed by book was over the past 11 years. and
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more than 2 and a half 1000000 of the displaced and this also went on strike. last year we read you 19. yes, yes. yes. for many years, the nigerian government had been clearly victory over book or arm. but the armed group continues to attack, both civilian and military targets was devastating results. this latest is one of the worst since the start of the book quantum insurgency that was launched 12 years ago and has now spread to neighboring chad cameroon. and the share where thousands of civilians and security personnel been killed. how many greece al jazeera reporter boko haram under its leader rejects western influence and secular
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education. the group calls for islamic rule and launched an armed campaign in 2009 that was suppressed by security forces. but nearly a year later boko haram reemerged carrying out attacks from a stronghold in northeastern nigeria, the kidnapping of 276 girls from their school in 2014, drew international attention to the ongoing threat from boca her around, the group pledged allegiance to i saw in 2015, but 12 months later, some senior boko haram members broke away creating the islamic state west africa province. let's bring in our guests in. we have you a geo political and security analyst at the think tank after politicker. joining us from paris is vincent fu share, a consulting senior analyst for west africa at the international crisis group.
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welcome to you both, gentlemen. i'll start with you. if i may just try to help us understand boko haram a little bit. what is their motivation? it's a very, they have a very narrow concept of what they consider to be a true muslim. they attack islamic institutions more often than christian. most of their attacks against civilian targets. markets bus stops i.d.p. camps. what is their, what is their raison d'etre? pencil having an issue, not bookworm, i mean it's in the name or means rejecting western education. that was the other question is, is forbidden. so our primary aim is to do with everything in and this bizarre way of creating that this see us, you know, begins the belief which is really, which is really we are to some order violence done years. so in the last decade or so, does a way of very much in know they've been long giving
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a pretty and the other victims have primarily be more muslims than men who chris and said have bombed a few churches in you if you attack again, crystal. but majority of the time, the victim of a new book am attacked, you know, have been muslim. we're looking about who worked at italian cubes in 2009 and about 2000000 displaced. so it has been a brutal are, you know, insurgents in notice of menger, particularly will you be you visited, bore news? did you know, one of them are also extending across the border. you know, to parts of the new republic with the winner job or there's music in a to look child busy in countries that you know, like a child probably public room. so all of these countries have for the last, in new to about a decade, being in suffering. incessant attacks of the recent attack we just saw, you know, is just, it is just a continuation of what are the happening on recently,
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the group work terrorism index. just recommend your i told most terrorists entry in the world on that new tanks. new book or here are ok. and vincent is the leader of the group. just tell me a little bit about him and is it all? is the extraordinary brutality that they use really all down to him. it's all under his direction. he's in total control them. well actually it's important to, to take notice of the fact that mid twenty's 16 there was a divide within the group. and now we have 2 different factions with very. 'd different agenda, which is very different attitudes towards very clear forms of violence. the group actually that is the one which is affiliated to the summit states, which is critical of chicago was really extreme form of, of violence. you know, to this notion of black fear that you excommunicate people, that everyone was not with you basically is against you. and he's a legitimate target, even if it's a civilian, if, even if he's
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a child that is check out his policy. the other group, the is swap as a, as a, as a very different approach. for instance, the ban the ban, the use of suicide bombings against, against most the markets. they do not use child soldiers. so they, they are, they have rethought and changed and evolved from, from chicago's model, realizing that it came with limitations. it's not that they're not yes, but they are different. ok, well now you've mentioned let's, let's talk about a swap islamic state west africa. province vincent i, who is the greater threat at the moment in that part of the world. is it the islamic state or is it boko haram? i think there's no doubt that is what is the largest larger threat now if you see, you know, since 2017 that the largest, the largest attack some on military the most successful attack on, on the military,
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especially nigeria. but also in chad has been you know, carried out by its swap, partly because it's weapons as it reached thoughts dicks, and that also they have learnt thanks to the stomach state. they have adapted. they have evolved, they are much more astute. they are organized. 'd you know, they are, their organization has evolved the other permanent troop of soldiers. 'd rather than the militia kind of system that chicago know used to work on so that they are clearly about the most impact on the ground of the equator. you see that? do you see the islamic state as a greater threat or is boko haram just as threatening no wire group with the largest it is for present trade because it's tresses brother, in terms of do graphic, you know, you would find, look around what are some mostly in not this menger,
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particularly in borno. they have plenty of guerrilla tactics to do, just hit and run, hit and run similar to our corporate board. but if you look at how the stock was able to attack misery, public, you know, and also secluded o'clock in booking, not far. so he'll part of her family. so the is, it is a tribal area, you know, between booking office who need, you know, and money. we really have to be very successful in tax troop attacks against the nature of public that lost the local, mostly 100 you know, so it's did definitely have been more more important in the last 2 years. as the reminder, also what book are a mr. b? 24 teams, so i would see a book around has really been reduced half of our capacity to in a crowd attacks our blood doesn't being going down is whoppers, you know,
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capacity. and i think in part so they need our support. we swop, you know, about carbon. now we are so, you know, his leadership like the and i guess was mission is to take a different approach and that appeals more to include those who feel this shouldn't be targeting muslims are missing the very gruesome and the like. he is doing so that difference in approach he has enabled to we more in a combatants and they live it on that in on that popularity to new to chaos more attacks. so what you would find in new is where peace is really given the g. force. i feel countries that the question countries in or for in west africa fighting fighting in o. c, an order are going to ask and like human trafficking and drug trafficking,
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the libby given their head, they are supposed to book wire and that is really more of an energy in a child problem. so to a large extent, a few, you know, it isn't as important like that. i guess this as her the point is better than or the bought the car, the difference in their tactics and more their approach to toward doing me is far more the critter doctorates in a dumb book, or in recent years and of equate why i have the united jiri and security forces, the army so struggled against boko haram and islamic state. why have they not been able to bring this under control? but initially it was, it was an issue of capacity. so the book will have an end to go on. even a government had more experience combating, you know, militant islamic groups, right? so just, just if you're, after,
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you could see 52012011 when the bombings and attacks that, you know, there was this very slow reaction to understand how deeply tripped this was. and then you see about 20 to 24th in the attacks got really, really massive. and we blew on our faces. when, you know, there was that chibok incident when you know young girls were about to undergo the taking, you know, from school. if you see what whitey got, what a government, what was the government of their building capacity, acquiring weapons which they hadn't done for many years, and where point actually fits into d.t.'s or treats that vis you? you could see that they will be decided making gains. you know, because when they declared a caliphate, you know, dollars, that was the one, the height of, you know, ticket out there to our traits in a war, something new that the government doesn't sing in the well. so when time to mobilize the military, our crowd, we were points, you know, and so that test in strategies. you know,
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you could see that making progress. but you recall it between 200-822-0080 extension 01 thing, there was a moron. see no increase in fatalities in us. so in the end it brought 29 thing, or the deadliest year. so far, you know, saw as barely any part of the internet into literally year the, i mean, they know, and that was because, you know, using american strength incidents are able to like any of our own small troop locations. so what i'm used to do is that they would just set up camps are some businesses around the region, not this region, but butte, by using an american strat. there were 2 of our own, these bases and this troop with infertility, sorcha, lit, and a year later in the year. you can see that our senator changes strategy to concept troops. forces in strong who of course are far comes with us to park on strategy. came on board last year since then you can see that the decrease
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in 2 fatalities were also be an only thing the consequence in only the consequence is that we now have committed communities in the hinterlands that no longer have that it's protection from the, from the middle, easy for sort, attack and farmlands in it took 2 to happen. ok of vincent, the nigerian army reputation hasn't helped, has it. amnesty documented actually, judicial killings, deaths in custody, unlawful detention. does that play into a book or an islamic states hands? well this, you know, abused by security forces actually stands at the very origin of into saw the 9 after mom make use of the founder of the group was captured. after an uprising in maiduguri was the army captured him and gave him to the police. and the police basically exec suited him and probably would be in a different place. now if the mohammad yousuf was, was alive and the tension,
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you know, maybe he would have been in a position to, to, to, to make take steps from the gas stations. you know, and the sense of views that, that many people have been involved these, the sense that they are not well treated by either military sense that sometimes they are safer. they feel safer, staying with is, or always just a book or on that than one, you know, anything around the military or living under military control. and that is a very serious problem. you know, because it gets to the heart of the think it's a government issue. an obvious way. vincent just touched on it there, but i wanted to ask about the circumstances of people in that part of nigeria that helps focus around an islamic state swell. the ranks, what is it that they are drawing on? i'm reading about the jerry these millions of children who are begging on the streets in north african nigeria's northern cities and a half 1000000 of them there. how are they sucked into boko haram?
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an islamic state, is it solely religion or no, it's not, it's not it's for is a far broader issue. don't just religious, you know, i just, i don't know that ideological issues. so there is just really, so through a commitment from political, you know, context that assume that all of us down in, oh, how the proliferation of books or books around for instance, named you are, has over 11000000 children out of school. right. and then you also look at the fact that you're going to get to do the usual. were there it to percent of the 90000000 people in the end you are living in abject poverty. in india, not one part of men here to defend the arm of government story arc to ensure that youths are at least educated and could be to become you know, where well, meaning dogs, it's not beer, then you also have you ever meant are issues also asked for is on the mic,
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turned out, been shrinking for decades, and not, not much has been done to object to ideas that unmetered been image of what the, what's are that agriculture and farming communities can be used for it for irrigation. so when you look at the dynamics of increase, you know, poverty, you know, and, you know, environmental factors that are preventing, you know, and as of that equation as well venting enlarger the farming community that is communities that are predominantly farming communities. do you know they are activities are any living you get the population that is the disenfranchised? i'm ok. that may be it because it is, it will be exploited. you know these groups are spread their ideologies, ok, and vincent. how much of that support then for islamic state for booker is sympathy, or how much of it is drawn just from blind fare? all these economic pressures that of equate describes i think it's
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a complex mix. i think there were, you know, the movement before 2009. there was a rio's mass movement of people who were thinking that, that you know, the sharia, you know, islam implemented in daily life could, could, could be a serious improvement in terms of governance in terms of justice. that is, you know, that is what they talk about the defectors, when you speak to them, they explain that we join to do justice and we thought we would make the world a better place. so that's certainly part of the story. and then especially inertia kaushik how he captured lots of people that he is sort of forced them to join and listed them by force and under penalty of death. and also they started at some point recruiting in the neighboring countries with promises of money, of promises, of, of a good wedding, all business opportunities. and that was also there. and then you have people who join out of fear, you know, there was
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a very famous episode in 2014. bread and escape from you of iraq's military prison inmate who were in yemen. and lots of people was there what never been associated with boko haram. when book or i'm attacked the jail, they felt it was, you know, the because the conditions in the chair were so bad and the perspective of saying justice from the nation state was so remote, it just felt that following the africa's of the prisons on the way out west, the best way to survive. so it's a mix and you have to address me. ok, and vince, and i want to ask you about the multinational joint task force that's operating out there, nigeria, cameroon. and chad. how, how effective is that? or is there a need for something broader? is there some way that should the u.s. be bothered about what's happening there in terms of the threat to all interests? is there a need for some sort of force like the defeated eisel in iraq? is there a need for a new look at that that, i mean, there's a lot of question there. i mean,
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clearly the fact that the main combat area stands at the border between 4 countries is very important because it allows no borders are very good for insurgents and rebels because they can cross. we can cross the border. 'd and move into a country which, you know, doesn't have the same pressure or interest in checking their activities. they can, they can sell, they can buy, they can recruit people like i explained. so the borders are a very important aspect of the conflict and president. 'd you know, until president bush are either niger, the president's war, we're not very committed actually to reaching out to the neighbors and building it, you know, or sort of consensus and collaboration. there was a lot of bad feeling, especially between nigeria and cameroon. but president bush kerry, to his credit, has actually made efforts to reach out in 2015 when he went in when he took over. and that, that has that effect. but i, you know, i still think it's lagging and partly because the other states feel that the
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nigerians authorities are not doing enough, you know, are not doing their share. chad and troops came into nigeria twice already to fight along with nigerian troops. and you know, they just pulled out every time feeling that yeah, you know, we come, we push the rebels away, but then the states and iran state doesn't deploy doesn't, doesn't keep the ground that we've conquered. so you know that there's, there's all sorts of frustrations in our feeling there. but you know, the collaboration is still there and it is, it is an indispensable ingredient. if anything of a quake, should there be some sort of international coalition like the defeated or pushed out i saw from iraq in northern nigeria, a similar sort of thing, international involvement, or is the multinational joint task force the regional one, the effective 2 yeah,
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i think that already is an international, you know, blossoming place for instance, where you've got the g 5. which fronts is the huge in a proper land talk. and then elect of countries that are busy and continue working . what are the more 2 national debt assholes. so which is made up of, you know, 3 countries and what we, what is needed is discounted need to be supportive of the invasion are going to be supported, you know, with in the capacity butin exercises, you know, with weapons to our belief in the east and so density, non-necessity bringing in foreign troops. i mean, this is considered to have down. right. so for recently you do us a training exercise, you know, called operation off in clock b. 101 earlier this, i think if there were so there, there is different. there's the u.s. commitment in the sense of got, you know, u.s.
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air force b. is in agadez. there they are french business also in new countries in asia. i think so. there already is before the presidents who so i think what i am and what you are mentioning eyes, if this is going to deploy boots on the ground again, boots on the graham, but maybe it is part of his operational force and u.s. marines, or he just came in not too long ago to rescue an american who was in the was kidnapped by by a bunch bandits in injure. so we don't necessarily need anybody any one country or country from form a coalition to confide because there is already one on the ground. what is needed is to for the international community to support what's on the ground. ok, that way. vibing where particle a were an increase in training, where on top of that are out, but well, i'm so sorry. we're right out of time. so much to talk about, but thank you 2 of equate to vincent for sure. and thank you
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too for watching. you can see the promo again, any time by visiting our website, al-jazeera dot com. and for further discussion, go to our facebook page, facebook dot com port slash a.j. inside story. you can also join the conversation on twitter. we are apt, a.j. inside story for me, bernard smith and the whole team here. by if
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the past past travels the roads of mexico, raising ecological the web. and sharing creative solutions to the country's most remote. demonstrated course is a by deep in the struggle for a better speech has passed by congress of the few find them in latin
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america seen on out as their own. iran holds an extraordinary session of parliament debating changes to its nuclear commitments. hello, i'm adrian finnegan. this is 0, live from go, also coming up 2 more states certify the president elect's victory joe biden also unveils his team to tackle the u.s. economy. almost a quarter of a 1000000000 people worldwide will need some form of aid in the next year. the effects of the pandemic exacerbating the really dire situation destroying the planet's lungs.

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