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tv   The Stream 2020 Ep 109  Al Jazeera  July 14, 2020 5:33pm-6:01pm +03

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an image change the way we see the womb back if we had not seen this week with me telling you about it it can spark mass action or serve the interests of the powerful he created it for a full opportunity it can obscure the truth he says i think you can have nice story . on that can cause it's pretty intense if it can forge narratives all right through the listening post gives you the full picture on a. fair they're welcome to the stream i'm josh rushing and you are in my home today we're talking about what spills like a major shift in the movement to stop pipelines in the u.s. to quit with native americans resisting those pipelines and they've had quite a few successes recently now hey look we're live on you tube and i'm hoping you're
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going to join us in that you to chat over there so that i can get some of your discussions and during the show. let's go right to the issue you know in the u.s. right now about 9000 miles a pipeline with another 12500 miles already kind of announced or in the approval process so that comes out to what 2122000 miles of pipeline just to give you a sense of what that means the earth at its or come prince is about 25000 miles around so we're talking about be able go all the way around the planet just from the pipelines here in the u.s. they are often problematic particularly environmentally speaking and so there has been resistance and they often go across native lands and so that resistance has been led by the nations here in the u.s. now some of the decisions that have come down just recently a judge set down the dakota access pipeline now you might remember this one because they had the big battle of standing rock my colleagues a fault lines were out there for that battle here's what some of that looked like.
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then i got the notice that dakota access was going to start working in 48 hours so i pulled up my i phone and did a small video asking people to come help. asking each of you to come stand has said see it's done. gradually more and more tribes began to show up in the camp started to grow as the pipeline started making its way towards the river as opposition grew things came to a head on september 3rd all the women and children were along the line crying they had just got to pepper spraying everybody and i remember standing there thinking. where and why is this america. that was 4 years ago that was 2016 but just last week a judge shut down that pipeline at least for now another huge pipeline of the u.s. coming from canada going toward the brass is the keystone x.l.
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pipeline also shut down by a judge in the last week. and then a 3rd pipeline that land it coast pipeline and this one was going to come across the appalachians and go into virginia delivering natural gas but like the backers of that would have backed out as a resistance to it has raised the the cost of it initial cost estimates there will be about $5000000000.00 and now they're looking through delays it being about $8000000000.00 and they're just deciding it may not be worth their time any more all this is set against the backdrop of any energy prices crashing i mean they were going down before cove it but during cover that actually reached a point where oil in the u.s. was at a negative value meaning they would pay people to take the oil to store it so the big question here is in this time a pandemic with these rulings in their favor is this a tipping point kind of moment and i'm going to add one more spark to the flame here a limb mark ruling came out of the u.s.
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supreme court last week and the grip 1st oklahoma where the supreme court acknowledged that the native american tribes actually do own about 40 percent of oklahoma they do control and they have sovereign control over that area it is a at landmark ruling that will have to nick an outcome or maybe generations to come i like to bounce from here to bring in our guests like this the heart of the conversation ask everyone to introduce themselves jacqueline swanning us from portland oregon this morning can you can you he tell our audience here. yeah i am jacqueline keeler and i'm the editor in chief of pollination magazine it's not news magazine that it hasn't all native women journalists as auriol board and and yet i've been covering this issue on iraq as journalists. well really pipeline since 2014 when i was covering the keystone x.l.
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pipeline as well and so yeah and that said i'm based in portland oregon i am a citizen of the navajo nation and i am my father is yankton sue and so i have relatives in both. in both areas so. thanks jacqueline donnelly for the lumbee tribe talking from north carolina can you give us a bit of an introduction yes good morning in it so good to be with you i am down at chavis i'm a lumbee elder here in the east i'm in timber north carolina which is the s.s.t.o. home for the lumbee i am a founder of ah the red tailed hawk collective which is a group of academics as well as organizers who work towards making sure that indigenous indigenous voices are heard in the efforts to stop these pipelines especially since they're coming across so many of our lands and i also serve as they say in your fossil fuel campaign or with friends of the earth so we bring
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together the all the groundwork as well as the allied behaviors from our environmental groups that can help us bring this to a stop and we are very happy to be celebrating the end of the atlantic coast pipeline. to be on the east coast to join i got to give to a special shout out here she found out maybe 20 minutes ago that she was going to do this for us standing in for another guest who had a family emergency so thank you so much for joining us last night minute and then to our good fortune i mean the joy you were there on day one of the battle of standing rock right. yeah i was the 1st camper at standing on the honey last a good morning my name is joint braun i'm a member of the cheyenne river city tribe i am the no can't fallin no doubt bull organizer for indigenous environmental network. morning. good
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morning thanks for joining us now look our audience we have a really large international audience it might be a little confusing we're talking about sovereignty issues and nations within the nation jacqueline can you just explain that kind of the top line of that for for our audience. yeah i think that we're lot of people don't realize is that native nations are sovereign and they have been sovereign before the existence united states in fact some of the 1st treaties that the united states signed the 1st with with other nations were with native nations and so we were the 1st to recognize the sovereignty of the united states while some some tribes did and my husband is his he's your direct ascent of cheetos the proud who fought against. the american colonies and and but the but yeah the so we actually these treaties histories are being invoked now as with the bigger case no homa and with dapple with the fort laramie treaties they actually are only treaties early enter into by sovereign
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nations so you have to by definition be a sovereign nation to even enter into a treaty and these treaties particular trees were ratified by the u.s. senate and so they under the constitution never mind international law and of the constitution they are considered the supreme law of the land so with the you and of course you know you saw what happened every july 4th and mt rushmore the black hills and the area north steps down the rocks your education are all within the treaty boundaries agreed upon with the great sioux nation of which cheyenne river and standing rock and my my dad's tribe the its tribe are all components of it and i know that there there's been resistance for for generations to a lot of issues but this this resistance of the pipeline that we can look back at downfall what happened there standing rock as kind of
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a key moment in that in that movement to it can you take us back to that and then talk about the decision last week from the judge to shut it down and where where this puts us. well the court access pipeline and the standing rock sioux tribe had made a request the grassroots people had made a request that we commonly help with them because the core axis was going to rule 851 for at laramie treaty and again like jacqueline said treaty is the law of the land under article 6 of the united states constitution and so we were making a stand because the water was going to going to be affected not only on standing on the my my reservation as well and also 18000000 people downstream so we weren't just standing up for asked of local to people but we were also standing up for for the everyday american downstream so the kota access pipeline decision that came
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down on just recently was the army corps of engineers was ordered that they needed to do an environmental impact statement not to not an assessment but an actual statement along the missouri river crossing now that's something that we who are on the ground had been asking for since day one that an environmental impact statement completed a study that we completed and it wasn't completed especially along the missouri river and so they were told ordered that they needed to shut down the pipeline and energy transfer partners was told they need to shut down the pipeline that this study needs to be done and that consultation with the tribes needs to be done no consultation was 10 iraq cheyenne river yanked in croll creek lower brule those those tribes along the river were never completed to begin with and that has to be
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done if you're talking about any major crossing along the missouri river or any other major crossing like the almost on for keystone x.l. are the misery for joy it's. still is a victory here a direct link to the grassroots resistance or is it more about the legal battle because as we know the pipeline to go forward it has been in operation for what 33 years until now. you talk a little bit of about where where this came from the roots of it well it all started with grassroots people and the grassroots people were the ones that were pushing our tribal governments to. see tribal governments are very reactionary they're not going to do anything like most governments unless the people tell them to do something great so the track the grassroots people really really stood strong and said hey we need our travel cover ment's to become involved and to take on this
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legal battle because these are not cheap battles these are expensive battles in our tribes are not rich tribes standing rock cheyenne river pine ridge we are some of the poorest states in the entire nation and so to get our tribes to say ok we're going to dedicate x. the moment dollars 6000000 dollars 1000000 dollars to do this kind of legal battle that takes a lot of funding away from other resources but it means that much to ask this grassroots people that we want to have this battle we want to take this battle on this not independent of one another be being on the ground in the tribe that wasn't it wasn't independent the airth they're closely connected to what the people want and what the tribe is willing to deal. i want to bring in some for you to community right off the bat here looking at a comment from gerard bracks think this as for the next 100 years i would imagine
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oil is the blood of our nation we've run on it into we invent something else we need it and we did an economic base donna maybe you can talk about that do do we need oil and i'm also curious to hear from you about the atlantic pipeline it was a little bit of a different victory there didn't come from a court heard judge wright. right actually with the atlantic coast pipeline companies duke energy s and dominion. decided to cancel the pipeline. and one of the things that we celebrated was the fact that it was it was done in this way we didn't have to go through the expensive and legal legal battles that joy just described we actually. in many wine is here on the east of. the efforts to run pipelines then to have other
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toxic waste released into our waters. sometimes we feel like it's invisible and so part of our work was to make the visit the invisible visible by bringing attention to what was happening in terms of the. children have a disproportionate impact in in our indigenous communities we had 4 tribes the lumbee the cool hiree the heroin and hell it was a pony who were directly owned this pipeline and at the time that it was announced there was no awareness that this was happening there had been no consultation there had not even been any conversations with the tribal community so we were afraid facing some of the very same problems that you've just heard described in fact at one point simply was called the dapple of the east because there were so many comparisons with the number of tribal peoples impacted by it so. the
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organizing of the the people on the ground and especially the indigenous communities was critical in getting us to the place where way where we landed where the companies withdrew and we have a comment from the he's the president of the north dakota petroleum council so he's specifically referring to that the down decision his name is ron nestle like to bring him in here. obviously were shot this morning i think that you know that the order it was shut down the pipeline by a district judge and on and on washington d.c. has no one to be questioned is authority whose ability to do this and i'm sure he'll do every senator possible but there's a lot of backing for others the code access pipeline which carries almost a half a 1000000 barrels of high quality or quarter of akio oil to what is considered a vast market united states that oil. isn't really reliable and as i said is there
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a lot of discussion back and forth to see if it is fire why but the reality is it's got 3 plus years now of operating procedures behind. jack lew do you want to address some of those he brought up 3 safe years of operating behind him why is it judge in washington d.c. make this decision about what's happening up in north dakota. yeah of course judge must practice been the presiding judge over this case you know the almost the entire time and and so you know he very strongly struck the word stated cited than you but i only sions that have been ongoing and and i think that what this illustrates you know is the conflict between even the the the political existence in creation of states in this country right states or the creation of a state is predicated on the extinguishment or it's you know the extinguishment of sovereignty of tribes and as you saw in the treaty with the fort laramie treaty you know everything you know a good
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a good chunk of the sea of north dakota west of the missouri river and south that part river but is part of the greats you nation and there are other charities that also you know lay claim to other parts of north dakota if those treaties were honored north dakota would look like a spider web and so the you know and this is true of many states right so what you see always is that the state is always in conflict with the tribes when the state is powerful the tribes are weak when the tribes are powerful the state is weak the very and i think that americans need to think about that like what does it mean what is there you know what is there everyone talks about states as if they're the sort of prosaic beings that came into existence somehow or all member you know arizona ends and coloradans but what does that really mean it what does a state really neat and it means the suppression of native sovereignty and the taking of resources at will and this is what what his statement is referring to is
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their right to do so and you have a book coming out called standoffs down iraq the by the movement and the american story of occupation sovereignty and the fight for sacred lands and i really used those 2 stand ups to show you know where one stand up is sort of given the bundy's they're given a lot of leeway to do what they want to do but when when when unarmed native people and their allies stand up you merely see that this is a military occupation because the military occupation is then made visible by the response and we even saw that just recently on the 4th of july. you know to set into that think. there's much room for criticism of the trip illustration here but this is what the obama administration if we can show my computer this is what the obama administration look like it's an iraq and you're right that that does look different than the bundy response and that does look like occupation joy i saw you shaking your head there when he mentioned 3 safe years of operation did you have
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something to say to. him like bob boney. has been there 3 safe years of operation what north dakota did was they expanded the amount of gallons that that you actually that would leak before they could actually report it so there have been leaks along that they could access pipeline but they've met that the new threshold which is a larger still you know so they've left out underneath that before they even have to report it so there have been leaks among the core access pipeline most notably around the pump station here in south dakota only about 70 miles from where i am live but it hasn't been this this this wonderful thing and the other thing we have to remember is that the united states than an oil glut even before the pandemic it was in an oil glut and so right now it's even more or so and the current analysts
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pipeline they go out of the way down to illinois they meet this and then they hook up on to buy a bridge pipeline which goes all the way down into louisiana it's export it out this little tiny town called st james which is a free slave. town little community that been just inundated with with all kinds of stuff that says that the heart accounts are early and then it's exported out of this country and it's not even for the united states so yeah we're already in an oil that we don't need we don't need to call. access pipeline in needs to shut down and it needs to be staged shut down and then we're coming after care to sell again for the 4th inning so isn't this kind of a tipping point moment when you consider that oil glow in the period america now these these legal decisions that are well known that the oil companies aren't paid any attention to the pandemic them even mention the pandemic in fact keystone x now
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has been continuing to build even with this new ruling they're still building man camps they're still building pump stations so we have to still stay on top of it when it comes to these oil companies and these kind frank companies because they're not even doing anything with the pandemic they're continuing to build and continuing to strengthen we're all america and my reservation and other reservations and the like to jump in here just for a minute to say that we now don't we have an all clear that we have a gas cloud as well and what we're facing what we were facing with the ac pay was that that gas also was most likely going to base an offshore of one of the north carolina soon appears even mentioned before it was announced publicly that this project was a big put in play that we had to have these these gas pipelines so that we could
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compete with russia in europe and so our back in 2013 importing they were already given evidence of that fact that this was not for the united states this was for use around the globe and so. you know to say that we are in. need of these pipelines is is just ridiculous. 1000000 thing that a 1000000 4th put it that that the myth that they say is all it's for tax dollars it's not for tax dollars we've already proven it looked at all access and let the keystone one that the that the counties that these go through would you not get the money that they say they're going to get not you don't get the jobs that they say they're going to get those jobs never stay there transients they leave and they're not for the community here or here so i this is all a p.r. move that these companies give and it's. to what if it what do you think about it
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is not if it's not about the tax dollars. it is about profit. it's about dividends for the for the shareholders and in the case of the pipeline there were some reports that recovering out. over the last 18 months that was showing it was not just a environmental risk going to community risk cultural risk for the communities on the ground but it was also a financial risk for the shareholders so even though the bottom line is for dividends. that wasn't always been official either so it's about the. profits so it feels like the wind is at your back at the moment jack lew moving forward is this is election november important to this issue in your view what needs to happen going forward. yeah of course with the dapple judgment
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a lot of it depends on the interpretation of the executive order that trump issued expediting pipelines there was one of the 1st executive orders he signed in january a the 1st month of his presidency was to you know to support apple and cheery start keystone x.l. and and of course he ended his 1st year in office reducing bears years by 95 percent and. there's been a real attack on native sovereignty that's been ongoing i know that you know he has his former secretary of the interior is inky said that most tribes would love to give up their sovereignty to become corporations and in my book i go through life detail about how the united states is still in many ways a colony it has no homeland you know that you're going to see ideas are as worth the last 30 seconds of the show so he had the vote will matter in november when is
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it you're back now above all keep watching this issue as it moves forward i want to think all of you for being on the stream today really informing our entire national audience because these these kind of movements are happening all over the world and i know they're looking here for the lessons learned and so thank you so much and for the obvious to you that. growing up in harsh and unforgiving circumstances children learned to play dangerous games they existed outside stones they destroy the house and take worn down by frustration and broken promises young men living under the constant threat of imprisonment the love it took me to the jeep and blindfolded me the time for them to regain control of their lives is when the boys returned prison live inside and out. on al-jazeera. it's the u.k.'s biggest hospital with eventual
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capacity for 4000 covered 19 patients built inside a london conference center it took just 9 days to construct with the help of army engineers dramatically expanding the critical care bed count and other similar sites are underway the actual numbers could be much higher than advertised researches say that huge gaps in testing capacity that the government is now trying to close extrapolate that across the country and the spread of corona virus appears far wider than anyone saw. a conflict that is now considered to be the world's worst humanitarian crisis. will have to wait this. is. really for sale an investigation into how billions of euros are made from supplying arms to saudi arabia
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a leader of the coalition fighting a war in the south the case is interesting to watch as the amount of money involved yemen war profiteers on al-jazeera there are some of the media stories a critical look at the global news media spread across or on al-jazeera government shut off access to social media. al jazeera. hello i'm rob matheson and this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes a legal victory for the international court of justice rules in its favor in a case involving 4 out of nations that have blocked planes from using their airspace. the u.k. government bans the purchase of new 5 g.
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equipment from the chinese tech giant way. washington rejects beijing's claims in the south china sea.


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