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tv   Malcolm X and Martin Luther King  Al Jazeera  January 11, 2018 9:00am-10:01am +03

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at this time on al jazeera. it's something very strong. and ambitious young artist from the mean streets of mozambique. to reveal the unseen truth about his country. if you lose him because he didn't let you see. did not follow changing. african photography mario myself. at this time now to see him. hello i'm daryn jordan in doha with a quick reminder of the top stories here on al-jazeera mean miles military has admitted it soldiers killed ten ranger muslims who were captured by buddhist villages their remains were found in
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a mass grave in rakhine state last month it's thought to be the military's first public admission of wrongdoing since it launched a crackdown in rakhine last august well the admission came on the same day two reuters journalists who were reporting on violence in rakhine state were formally charged with breaching a secrecy of. journalists in myanmar have stage a sit in protest against the decision while alone and are accused of acquiring information illegally to share with foreign media and could face up to fourteen years in jail colombia's alien rebel group is urging the government to resume talks president suspended negotiations after rebel attacks fall and expiry of a cease fire in their leaders say the incident should not direct the peace process from pity has more from bogota. historic three months long ceasefire now over and in the worst way as the rebels resumed attacks in colombia many hoped for an
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extension of a truce which this violations have been considered a success but on wednesday colombia's last active rebel group perpetrated four attacks wounding two colombian marines and affecting an important oil pipeline colombian president juan manuel santos spoke forcefully against them. laura the government deplored the e.l.o. ends decision to restart its terrorist attacks on the general public the armed forces and on parts of the national infrastructure we were always i repeat always ready to extend the cease fire with the l.n. and negotiate very quickly a new cycle of talks in the will she have. inexplicably not only rejected this process but chose to restart their terrorist attacks on the very day that they were obliged to initiate the new round of negotiations. from quito where peace talks had been expected to resume elaine leaders said they were hopeful the talks could
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restart but then explain the reasoning behind the attacks let me say that we closer to the table was making progress during the cease fire so we maintain the decision to give continuity to what we achieved what we need is a new ceasefire that overcomes the difficulties of the first one the president immediately recalled to the recently appointed negotiators for consultations experts say the failure to extend the cease fire shows deep divisions among the leadership. we. will win. the much. sense is not only that probably what will happen with this cease fire is what will happen with the table and the general process between the government and . the talks have long been complicated by a lack of confidence between the parties in few tangible results and we can now
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expect the colombian military to start a bombing campaign in rebels areas a full blown return of deals still it is that will make very difficult to resume the talks at least for now listen to. violence has flared again between police and protesters in five ten as in cities including the capital after a fourth day of demonstrations more than two hundred thirty people have been arrested in the wave of the rallies demonstrators are angry over the government's planned price and tax hikes. the number of people killed by landslides in southern california has risen to at least seventeen hundreds of people are still trapped in mud and daybreak following more heavy rain. u.s. president donald trump is still insisting that any immigration reform must include funding for a border wall with mexico comes a day after a federal judge blocked the government from ending protection for undocumented immigrants brought to the u.s. as children. and firefighters in china say
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a blaze on an iranian oil tanker could burn for another two to four weeks it's unknown how much oil is spilled following a collision with a cargo ship thirty one sailors are still missing well those are the headlines the news continues here on al-jazeera after face to face statement that's a watching fight. freedom is not free. every day people die for freedom freedom is not free and in these two guys these two men died just so would we could have basic rights just so i could walk down a street. and not be arrested be able to you know do normal things like everybody else these were the watchman of the ta they came and they received life when you told martin if you go out and speak to your people you're going to dad martin still
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had the determination to dad for what he was going to say they told malcolm the same thing if you go out and speak to your people you're going to die but they had determination to look death in the face and say i am going to speak in spite of that's right you can get into your true makes you look like you act like malcolm you mean you act like you really did that for what you believe they were because you know it's no great calls them for you to be to the greatest human being that god placed on this plane that is your attitude. some one hundred sixty four new york is in the grip of riots clashes between white police and inhabitants of black neighborhoods have turned five ten years of struggle and civil rights have not brought an end to the injustices and racism
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suffered by black americans. boiled over to repel each officers shot dead a black teenager. in harlem the indignation and revolt was embodied by one. x. in photographs he projects a role intensity to match his stated indignation at the abuse that american blacks have suffered. malcolm x. was the spokesman for the nation of islam the black muslim movement that preached supremacy of blacks over whites. at the start of the one nine hundred sixty s. the media were constructing a combat that stirred the civil rights debate malcolm x. versus martin luther king leader of the civil rights movement who was fighting against segregation in the southern states martin luther king the hero of nonviolent resistance was
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a favorite target of markham ex white men revenue martin luther king subsidized revenue. so that revenue can continue to think the negroes to be defense. martin luther king never responded to malcolm's attacks he never agreed to debate with him the only time the ever met in washington the two men shook hands but barely spoke to each other. but one photo remains edged into memories an image that brings together the two opposing dreams of the black calls. hang on a let nobody turn me round to me round turn me round and go on and live nobody turn me round i'm gonna key bano walk again keep on walk on up to freedom. the civil rights movement was the singing movement.
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we were in the deep south and african-american people were church going people and for the most part we're in christian churches one thing martin luther king brought me to was a preacher baptist preacher a message he brought was we must take the church out of these four walls that's a direct quote from martin. martin luther king underwent his political baptism in alabama one of the most races states in the south where many whites continue to behave as if slavery had not been abolished a century before. in montgomery king organize a campaign to boycott the buses it was the start of a major struggle against laws that kept whites and blacks apart in public areas and the denied blacks their right to vote there are other have a right we have a duty to. call when you said our land above and you.
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were sitting there because you have a duty to sit down and merely because you have a right you have a duty to step back because the language is good and bad you have a bent. and if you let the right man get into you. about. him was workin take down side now. that prevented black people from ride in buses where they wanted to and to ride and train public transportation prevented them from voted in and all of those things that black people were paid fans from doing and the stuff but not in the know what black saval ways could vote but as malcolm said you may have the vote but you end up voting for nothing because they've already
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decided that you're not going to have any power. i move to harlem in the summer of nine hundred sixty two and i are moving in on a friday night saturday morning we got up instead of unpacking all that we decided we were going to walk down the main street in harlem which is linux avenue which is now malcolm x. boulevard. and she would just look at the community when we got down coast in an exam know we saw a crowd gathering so we said oh i was going go and he said malcolm x. is going to speak. we've heard of him you know the boogie man he was the boogie man and bleed and violence and it shouldn't kill white folks and all that kind of stuff but that's mainly what we had heard so we said listen we've got to say it is time for you and me to figure out that it is time for you or me to hear for ourselves and it is time for you and me to fight for ourselves we don't need anybody today
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speaking or are being harassed or fighting for iraq he spent a lot of time talking about the psychological attacks of white supremacy the attacks on our minds and that to me was like completely eye opening when i begin to hear and i begin to cause to realize all the things that have been happening to me as a child growing up and other things that i now realize were a part of that site the movies you know that all of those things were part of that psychological attack to make us feel inferior one has to realize that to calm the person black kinda fifty's and sixty's was in in south and thing to did it was mathematics who i am most single handedly transformed their racial crouches snippets of black people. so that they no lone go we're
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ashamed of being black the honorable elijah muhammad is that the one stealing. and we did steal he stopped us from gambling and is that the one line stealing runs rampant you know gambling runs rampant in her own right for evils in places that care product immunity run record in a home. in harlem everyone knew the story of mull committal the young hoodlum who discovered the nation of islam and its leader elijah mohammad while in prison it was muhammad who made malcolm x. the spokesperson for this black separatist movement with its racial vision of a world where black muslims would live apart from whites thanks to markham x. the nation of islam became popular in the ghettos of the northern states but organization was always one there was concern about offering an an option an alternative to black americans you know here's and here's something what we're
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talking about in terms of the goals and objectives we have as far cry which you hear you know you following christianity for example well as connected to the slave trade that's connected to your slave holder you know he does not have your best interests in mind he's given you a religion it's that tamps down your your potential for violence and raising up. mr x. you have described the muslim movement as a religious organization and you said that there are a great many misconceptions about your attitudes and stated views can we press for a very simple answer to one question do you hate all white people i don't think it's a fair question. my had it right my head in the white man doesn't even come into my attitude he did mr mama teaches us to love our own kind and let the white man take care of himself for right man to days after kidnapping millions of black people
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from africa stripping them of all human characteristics and relegating them to the role of chattel cattle animals commodity merchandise that could be bought and sold it will and then one hundred years since the emancipation crack a proclamation using every type of deceptive method to further us into slavery call second class citizenship i think that it would take a whole lot of nerve for white people today to ask negroes do they hate them ok malcolm spoke to the fight media but he was not trying to convince still fight media then what he was saying was true because he knew that they were going to destroy what he said. by caving around of the hand and artists of the spoken word he warts our way stranded get the attention of the media
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to use the media to support he is non violent approach to social change was after seeing the repeal of segregation laws in the alabama busing king pursued his action in other states the son of the emerged as the leader of the civil rights movement. we do not want to wait fifty years for our rights we don't want to wait twenty five years for our right we don't want to wait ten years for our rights we want all of our rights we want them here and we welcome now. the young pastor became a celebrity the media hailed the effectiveness of his nonviolent approach king and his new tenants used television to effect in front of the cameras they sought to provoke the violence of the authorities demonstrators were told to show no
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hostility towards the adversary but to resist peaceful. method of hundreds systems is one of the most if not the most overt weapons. chris. froome. in the cities of the north nonviolent resistance was a message that fell on deaf ears in new york malcolm x. famously visited a police station to denounce the violence i'm not satisfied with the fact that the police in this downtown area has punched one of our brothers in the mouth and their brother wasn't breaking any law he was only selling papers and it would be dangerous for them to get the impression that we endorse martin luther king the last of the of turn the other cheek malcolm represented the kind of attitude and political perspective of many of young black so-called militants and radicals
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coming out of urban areas in the north they have a different come attitude it was hard for them to swallow this notion of nonviolence you know so i go inside my head then retribution is coming i can see myself falling down on my knees and given any kind of extra advantage to my enemy malcolm says somebody hits you you send him to the cemetery the non violent strategy of modern new thick king jr from now come back was a week philosopher it was a philosophy of turn the other cheek it was a philosophy of not hit in the back and now come comes from a black nationalist tradition that does not but the that you can you can't show freedom yossef respect yo get me to
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buy sit play the lead in somebody beat up on you and you not shy to defeat in yo say that's why he malcolm emphasizes seth to fit. but can. emphasize nonviolence be cause if blacks had breached spanned trying to defend them sad that would a bra jarrow the pole least depok man down own those demonstrators and why it's would have loved to have the chance to kill black people in distress you know the. king and malcolm had that tension. i am happy. with you but they. won't
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go down in the rear. as we're going to demonstrate. and the history of bombing television played a central role in the african american struggle for equality in one thousand nine hundred sixty three a series of events covered by the national networks reveal the scale of inequality in the south to millions of americans well they're right there in alabama nine hundred sixty three was the year of martin luther king's try and his relationship with president kennedy who had been in power for two years was key to his strategy but it was this alliance which wean king and washington this idyllic picture of reconciliation between blacks and whites that provoked the ire of marco max. it all started in birmingham alabama in the spring of one nine hundred sixty three king and another pastor ralph abernathy were filmed being arrested for organizing an unauthorized demonstration the arrest was part of
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a strategy that king would use in future campaigns it was important that the cameras captured the unrest birmingham was a city that embodied a southern racism where whites like to repeat the governor's slogan segregation now segregation tomorrow segregation forever can you believe that alabama would not and could not polisi it seth and that what he wanted to do was to show that so that the federal government would have to become involved and they're bad make a family a law that would over rod anything that any of that jim crow laws that's in birmingham alabama in one thousand nine hundred sixty three it was in prison where martin luther king wrote the text that encapsulated his struggle the letter from birmingham jail king wrote the purpose of
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a direct action program is to create a situation so crisis pact that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation. president kennedy intervened and king was soon free and a few days later king and his followers found a way into the national consciousness. one of his lieutenants suggests well why don't we have school children they don't have jobs they don't have mortgages. a lot of controversy about them within king's circle. but the decision is made and so we have hundreds and hundreds of children marching. and that's also the moment where the bull connor the public safety commissioner
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decides to bring out attack dogs and high powered fire hoses vose pictures. go around the world. where we get these incredibly dramatic images. they are so powerful and here we have
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a story of two opposing forces one behaving brutally the other being victimized and so you know for television this is a spectacular story. malcolm x. is quoted in the media being very very critical about king and the movement allowing. bartsch and be arrested and be brutalized that was our main criticism of burma here i mean the fact that you would you the children would be put in this and after what i understand even some of the king people kind of you know had a problem with that initially they misled they had a problem with interesting lee it's it's at that moment that the coverage of king
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starts to change because very shortly after this particular campaign it it's now it's called the children's campaign very shortly after that the white power structure in birmingham basically collapses a green is to basically agrees to king's demands the media coverage of king then very quickly changes he's not the militant anymore he is the hero two days after his victory over the local authorities martin luther king was the target of an attack several buildings were burned down by white extremists leading to riots in the black community in the face of the unrest john f. kennedy sent the national guard to the outskirts of birmingham in harlem markham
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xscape full voice to his anger we are not integration. and we believe that your little to try and mix with someone who doesn't love you well that doesn't mean that we in any any way condone what those friends are doing in birmingham alabama people should know that it is no accident that along the gulf were writing negro women to grow babies a negro children kennedy said nothing it was only after the negro began to strike that. it was then it was then that kennedy called ending on don't you be going by kennedy don't you people by the don't go to the grocery just when i don't i think you get that good i get more like you don't. after the events of burning martin luther king and malcolm x. were interviewed a few days apart for a program about the race issue brings us an interpretation it was in all but unity
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to share their opposing vision was to put the black caucus malcolm x. has said of your philosophy that it plays into the hands of light and practice that they are happy where you. love for the oppressor because this disarms the negro well i don't think of love as in this context as emotional bond i don't think of it as we all but i think the love of something strong and all the nice itself and powerful i direct action and i think some of the criticisms on nonviolence of some of the critics fail to realize is that we are talking about something very strong and they can few. non-resistance with nonviolence is. king
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assumes that people are reading know that he is right about what he is sand so he is using the intellectual tradition of why it's in order to make his point malcolm does not use the intellectual tradition of whites to make his point malcolm uses the experiences of black people in the ghetto the people that he's talking to reverend martin luther king. preaches a doctrine of nonviolent insistence upon the rights of the american negro what is your attitude a lot of white men have been martin luther king subsidises revan martin luther king so that we haven't martin luther king can continue to keep the negroes to be defenseless that's what you mean but not about to be defenseless be defenseless in the face of one of the most cruel beat that has ever taken a people into captivity that this american white man.
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there were over forty charges as i recall but primarily it was material support to terrorism the holy land foundation was the biggest muslim charity in the usa i definitely said that this was a political trial and that these were political prisoners because we weren't able to see the secret evidence we were unable to tell and in a two part series al-jazeera world examines one of the most controversial court cases of the so-called war on terror the holy land fine at this time on al jazeera well. i sometimes feel that we're really looking into the hearts and the souls of those directly involved in a free and taking place we very good at telling all sides of the story from the political elite to those people who think if you really get to know what's happening on the ground that's very important for me as a generation past that can often feel that my continent is misrepresented and we've
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changed that your story is important to us it doesn't matter where you come from it's unbelievable it sounds like an agreement between a criminal busts just like trading in stolen goods that have been taken by the place if anyone ever comes to ask a question these are throw their hands up in the air and say i don't know i was just nominee director we're doing an investigation in. ukraine did you have a bribes you've been corrupt i don't know i've been corrupt i did just what presidents. al-jazeera investigations only gods at this time. but i'm jane down and with the headlines on al-jazeera minimize military has admitted its soldiers killed ten random muslims captured by buddhist villages their
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remains were found in a mass grave in rakhine state last month it's thought to be the military's first public admission of wrongdoing since it launched a crackdown in rakhine in august the mission came on the same day two reuters journalists who were reporting on violence there were formally charged with breaching a secrecy law journalism in ma have staged a sit in protest against the decision while on choice who are accused of acquiring information illegally to share with foreign media and could face up to fourteen years in jail colombia's rebel group is urging the government to resume talks the president suspended negotiations following rebel attacks after a cease fire lapsed illin leaders say the incident should not derail the peace process. violence has flared again between police and protesters and five thousand is in cities including the capital after a fourth day of demonstrations more than two hundred thirty people have been arrested in the wave of anti austerity rallies demonstrators are angry at the
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government's planned price and tax hikes the opposition is calling for the twenty eight hundred budget to be scrapped to mrs prime ministers. saying the economy will improve this year when i heard was that he said. we would like to send a message to the protesters no matter what the government undertakes its top priority is improving economic and social conditions and ensuring the trust in the country and its institutions the government wants open dialogue regarding their demands. the number of people killed by landslides in southern california has risen to at least seventeen about two dozen people are still missing and hundreds of people remain trapped in mud and debris falling more heavy rain many say the landslides were more severe because recent wildfires destroyed vegetation that would normally have anchored the soil in place u.s. president donald trump is insisting that any immigration reform must include
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funding for a border war with mexico on tuesday a federal judge blocked the government from ending protection for undocumented immigrants who were brought to the u.s. as children trying to suggest of making comprehensive reforms to the immigration system let's go back to face to face now. max and martin luther king two legendary figures with opposing visions for american civil rights and into their rivalry plays out on prime time television in the united states. dr king is equality and all right citizenship or the goal of dr martin luther king is to give negro the chance to sit in a segregated restaurant saying white man alive four hundred years the goal of dr martin luther king is to get negroes to forgive the people who have lived them four
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hundred years but by loving them to sleep and making them forgetting what the whites have done to them come criticize martin because he was trying to we end our ballo to sick nakes to why people are in a restaurant but ma'am says i mean that's not freedom sitting next to white people is not freedom to say that whites freedom is black people have in their own self-determination where they can bad their own restaurant and they don't have to worry about whites not serving them. june eleventh one thousand nine hundred sixty three mocked a major victory for king and his movement president kennedy gave a televised address in which he presented the plight of southern blacks as a moral crisis affecting the whole country but are we to say the world and much
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more importantly to each other that this is a land of the free except the negroes that we have no second class citizens except negroes and we have no class or caste system no ghettos no master race except with respect and they go. now the time has come to this nation it will fill its promise events in birmingham and elsewhere and so increased the crisis requalify that no city or state or legislative body can only choose to ignore them . a few days later at the white house civil rights leaders submitted their plans to the kennedy administration for a major political rally in washington their aim was to draw attention to the injustices that continue to affect twenty million blacks the administration was afraid the unrest would spill over onto the streets of the nation's capital king reassured the white house and the event took place but on the terms set by kennedy
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. on the day of the march the whole of america could follow proceedings live and thanks to cameras set up along the route the three national networks gave wide coverage to the event which was the culmination of a decade of intense struggle for civil rights. what you see is an emphasis on black and white together. the march was about three quarters african-americans one quarter white but if you look at the coverage you would think it was almost fifty fifty so one way that television news was framing this monumental phenomenon is of blacks
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and whites coming together even see images of marchers and the emphasis is always on dignity. so you see these framed portraits of marchers. you know the t.v. cameras are always looking for well dressed marchers and and this was part of the organizing of the march where your best clothes right you're going to be seen by the nation. so the impulse seems to be on the day of the march to portray this for television viewers as non-threatening and you know this is the ideal this is what integration looks like that to me was i was like a picnic it had almost like a picnic like atmosphere to i of this like totally unimpressed and although i was
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you know i had already accepted brother malcolm interpretation of it from listening to him speak but but. to me it was it was i was i when you look when you when i was there and i will say it myself why would anyone object to this this is a great this is a great. cool for the kennedy administration makes it look as though they're doing something and something major is going on and i have a three. time liar. one day live in a nation where they will not be deterred by the color of their yes but by the content of back eric i am. now you have two hundred fifty thousand people you know gathered in one place seemingly on the same page. see many there to idolize the kind of iconic value
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that dr king represented at the end and even if people who organized the march recognize that king would be the centerpiece you know a philip randolph in particular you know exactly what he was doing that dr king would come on and move that crowd is such a way that no other speaker in this country could do on capitol stream that one day i was home in alabama with this fish races. with the governor having him going after tripping with the words up into position another fictitious one day write that in alabama the little black boy was in fact would be able to join hands on them right bob and right good at the drop is not free. everything is i have a dream. i have a dream i have a dream and and to me the greatest lines from that speech that should be embedded
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into the minds of especially of young black folks is the full fathers of this country gave us a promissory note and we have come here today to cast a chip that to be best symbolically and in terms of an image created in the my that was a powerful statement. totally even though. by god we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is backed. by we refuse to believe that out i an official from the great oh of opportunity of this nation so we come to catch this check check that will give up the problem demand the riches of freedom and the security of dot.
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com makes the march on washington was an event to be rejected in a famous speech he attacked what he calls the farce on washington. the click to put kennedy in power during the march on washington is just like when you got some coffee it is too black. which means it's too strong what you do who didn't agree with cream. it used to be hot it becomes cool. it used to be strong it becomes weak. it used to wake you up. to speed. this is what they did with the march on washington they joined it became a problem of it took it over and as they took it over the last us militancy. they seized me angry they seized me hot they seized me uncompromising why even seized to be a mom she became a picnic a circus were nothing but
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a circus with clowns and all. they control it sucks to be the title of negroes one time to time. how does a clue. where to start. caring. what fun to see what species they could make you must be to come to me and then tell them to get out of town by sundown. the march on washington sealed an alliance between king and kennedy. from now on it was king who had the ear of the white house. according to the media the two men were going to write american history but it would be written without kennedy. monday nov twenty fifth one thousand nine hundred sixty three america is in shock
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following kennedy's assassination as the nation watches his televised funeral king and the black cause have just lost their most powerful political ally but markham x. upsets the mood of mourning. when kennedy is killed. because the grief for the nation was so intense any quote or sound bite that seems to be critical of kennedy. is just not going to be tolerated malcolm x. second in command of the black muslim movement expressed joy at the assassination of president kennedy at a manhattan rally last sunday not and said that the killing of the president was an instance of the chickens coming home to roost he added and we quote being an old farm boy myself chickens coming home to roost never make me sad they always make me
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to let in chicago today a larger mohamad the leader of any white muslim movement suspended malcolm x. and this about his state you know you live to chickens out in the morning they go around and they always come back. what it was what chicken was basically words was the same as saying what you reap is what you sow and brother malcolm position was with dedicated it ministration had allowed all of that violence to occur in birmingham and other places and had not done very much about it but the way that the media of course takes up that quote is malcolm is saying kennedy deserved to be shot i personally wish he had not sit now because it was not true because i believe every word of it but i big because he was able to it brad ammunition for his enemies both in the you know in the larger world and in the nation of islam to use it against after three months of silence imposed by elijah muhammad
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malcolm x. was finally banished from the nation of islam from now on he had to speak for himself you consider yourself a militant. i consider myself now. i think when he left the nation of islam in march of one nine hundred sixty four he felt it to assist a great degree i feel a kind of a liberal tory he felt liberated in fact he had some point said something about the strait jacket is no longer on him now he can move and become more political because i understand that the nation of islam tended to tamp down any kind of political expression to stay clear of that that's what god malcolm in trouble when he said something about kenny's assassination you know about the chickens coming home to roost got him into deep water so and inept precipitated
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a number of other moves but he was already as far as i'm concerned he was beginning to step outside of that any way he saw him saw of in a larger picture and making a greater contribution. what will be the difference between your new movement and the nation of islam well the basic difference will be probably more flexible and it's not my intention to teach among muslims those who are already muslim but to take mr mohammed's message out among non muslim so called the world or your work then with negro groups that are working for integration we won't be joining them nor will they be joining us but we will work together on any objective that we haven't all that will be for the common good of the negro community. in washington martin luther king continued his political work with a group of senators sympathetic to his ideas he joined the debate on the civil
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rights draft bill initiated by kennedy the bill was the most progressive legislation yet regarding african americans during a press conference which he gave capitol hill king saw an unexpected visitor at the back of the room it was markham x. . malcolm x. always wanted to meet king. and debate with. but king our ways refuse to meet with. larger maybe car he knew that if he met with america support from the white community would it be our most eliminated so king had to carry himself in such a way that the support for which he gat from the world why
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community would not dry. after the conference the two men met face to face. this encounter that king had always avoided it unfolded in front of the press and photographers. the meeting only lasted a minute but these images that capture them side by side like this photo what do smiling became a strong symbol of reconciliation between two opposing visions of the black cause those two people martin and malcolm symbol live is something that is in our our african-american each of us has a little bit of martin add a little bit american and us see malcolm represents that
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blackness enough's that sense that we are all white even messing with us we are the david now come represent that fayyad that fight that refusal to let any bad a define who we are can represents our desire are to get along with everybody and couldn't weiss our desire are to want to create a society for all people defined by nonviolence love and care for our people and the society. on july second one thousand nine hundred sixty four the civil rights bill was signed at the white house what king saw come into being that day was
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a federal law that punished all racial discrimination in the u.s. he appeared alongside president johnson as a victorious hero at last this law was washington's response to king's dream. a few days later america was caught up in another crisis following the acquittal of a policeman who had killed a black teenager riots broke out in new york for two days and nights violence reigned in the black neighborhoods king's lieutenants try to ease tensions but to no effect. one rioter was killed one hundred eighteen injured and nearly five hundred were arrested several police officers were also injured from marco max it was a sign that blacks were no longer prepared to turn the other cheek the spiral of
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violence had begun sixteen hundred was a donkey. and to keep sixty five of us leave. in a dizzying hundred hour the nigger. least that was my name. in a t.v. sixty how was the negro. and then roll them out all came along. and then some nigger shouted down them down. but the bitter truth lives on. on february the twenty first nine hundred sixty five malcolm x. was assassinated at the start of a political meeting in the audubon theater in harlem three men shot him at close range. one of the killers a member of the nation of islam was arrested the same day his violent death abruptly ended one of america's most famous political debates. martin luther king
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gave his public reaction a few days later i think malcolm x. . of a role he played a role in pointing out the problem calling attention to it but his great problem was an inability to emerge with a solution he had slogans that. were catchy and that people listened to but i don't think he ever pointed out the solution to the problem. who was king didn't know was that in death markham x. would become much more than a rival he became a memory the revolutionary consciousness for a generation of young blacks. word of his death spread through the ghettos and
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resonated like a revenge on king. six days of rioting in a negro section of los angeles left behind scenes reminiscent of war torn city more than one hundred square blocks were decimated by fire and looters as the national guard moved in to restore comparative calm in the second half of the one nine hundred sixty s. america entered a long cycle of race riots media attention shifted from the south to the ghettos of the north king following this movement he campaigned to denounce the economic injustices that blacks faced in america's major cities. king described riots. as temp attention of children i'll people who don't have an option can put that effect cry out to say i am somebody and hear this sent to me you know what you don't want to me
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and king understood that. and he realized that the science. staff. of resisters dead he it used in the south would not work in the know up is that everyone isn't in washington a senatorial committee was set up to investigate rising violence in the ghettos king was summoned to put forth his position on the talking basically. economic and social yes that's correct hundred because i think. that it is necessary to see at this point that the issues which we confront all the hard. core economic issues for about a decade we worked on public accommodations and the right to vote and as i said earlier it was necessary to do this an audit to remove
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a stigma or an audit to remove the humiliation of a caste system but now we moving into an area where we must demand basic reforms that will deal with these basic economic issues our whole problem of housing and education and i think we've got to see that this is much harder it was easier to integrate public facilities it was easier to gain the right to vote because it didn't cost the nation anything he was moving into the arena of economics and economic justice. and there was a whole different arena and a lot of people who supported him in trying to get rid of the laws about us and on the back of the bus and being able to eat at the lunch counter when he saw talk about the economic board some of those people who will start pulling away because
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this is that there was a new bought this is another ballgame when you see kang in his later lie he begins to refer to our leaders radical black sand our tradition who are so challenge the government and so you see king talking about they've turned man dream into a night man to begin to take a stand against the war in vietnam he began to pull our organize a poor people's campaign and fight against poverty that can. he was the king who became the radical king and that's when he began to move toward malcolm x. . on april fourth one thousand nine hundred sixty eight martin luther king was assassinated in memphis. a few days later at his funeral the black community was not only mourning its national leader
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three years after the violent death of malcolm x. it was laying to rest the two dreams that shapes the history of african americans. i'll just see right explores prominent figures of the twentieth century and how my beliefs influenced the course of history. so that he did not get enough credit for ending the but you want to be a bigger star go figure but he was not the biggest part of the way. the president and the president came together to end apartheid in south africa nelson mandela and f.w. de klerk face to face at this time on al-jazeera. and i know that there's plenty of clattering across the middle east at the moment the
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system is here gradually edging its way eastwards and it's still bringing a little bit of snow is it does say so it looks like el monte will see some of that wintery weather and a top temperature of just minus three that on thursday the next system it's working in from the west already giving us some wet weather of a pulse of turkey in the clouds were actually edging its way eastwards filters out really as we head through friday not a great deal left to it but you can see this area of town in the northern part that's giving us a lot of snow from georgia through into the extreme southern parts of russia some of that snow does look very heavy meanwhile a bit further towards the south and here in doha there are major changes for us really. over the next few days twenty three degrees will be our maximum and what we draw from down to around fifteen degrees at night further south a little bit of cloud might just be clipping the south coast of oman but away from there it's fine and dry still are getting to around twenty six degrees no major changes for us as we head through friday either meanwhile as we head down towards the southern parts of africa all storm long gone but instead we've got plenty of rain still showing up across our charts that stretching from angola all the way
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across towards madagascar madagascar of course was hit by that cycle so we do have flooding here already more weather still to come that's going to stick around for thursday for friday to. you are making very pointed remarks there online the main u.s. response to drug use and the drug trade over the last fifty years has been the criminal or if you join us on sat. in the morning and says i want to. this is a dialogue that could be what leading to some of the confusion about people saying they don't actually know what's going on join the conversation at this time on al-jazeera. the difference is. on the similarities of cultures across the world.
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al jazeera. traveled to the birthplace of the music. and share stage. for this time. military admits for the first time that its soldiers killed. were buried in a mass grave.

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