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tv   Malcolm X and Martin Luther King  Al Jazeera  January 7, 2018 9:00am-10:00am +03

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mine as a muslim woman a taliban school for girls in afghanistan reveals a way of life. your girls you not only tell them about the regulations that let you teach them about. an exclusive documentary gains access to the girls of the taliban. at this time on al jazeera. and the problem and are the headlines on al-jazeera the chinese transport ministry says thirty two sailors are missing after an oil tanker collided with a freight ship in the east china sea all those missing from the tanker which is still on fire the freighter was damaged but all on board have been rescued. protests against the greek orthodox patriarch of jerusalem have overshadowed
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orthodox christmas celebrations the alleged sale of church land to israelis sparked tense scenes as june explains from bethlehem. the protests were unprecedented in a display of anger toward the greek orthodox patriarch of jerusalem demonstrators attacked the convoy of the office the third as it made its way to bethlehem's manger square in the occupied west bank behind all this recent news reports alleging the patriarch has been involved in property sales to foreign tax havens and those properties may end up in the hands of israeli businesses. protesters believe the allegations and say it will make it harder for palestinians to establish their own state but the live now to mount a clear and simple we want the patriarch to resign we want to reform the patriarchate and assign a legal committee to evaluate the situation representatives of the greek orthodox church of jerusalem deny the allegations and the handle of the snow. we did not as
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they claim to sell our lands to the israeli occupation those are old deals the patriarch wants to rectify clarify because all those old deals are detrimental to the right to the patriarch eight and its congregation while this is not the first time the church has been accused of selling some of the numerous properties it owns in jerusalem the outrage now is far greater than it had been before. in manger square despite the marching bands and music a truly festive atmosphere was hard to achieve. the arrival of the patriarch wasn't just protested local officials also gave him a cold shoulder when they refused to welcome him to the square another issue overshadowing celebrations this year is the decision by u.s. president donald trump to recognize jerusalem as israel's capital in the month since that decision was made there been numerous protests in the occupied west bank and it's really contributed to a growing sense of hopelessness amongst palestinian christians forty year old george was sad says he's never witnessed such a song or mood at christmas is the level of the whole how if things remain as is
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opie pool seek to leave who'd stay here if you see it being so and the city is sad have you ever seen. like this thousands would usually be here at christmas. even before christians palestinian christians in the west bank are worried their relatively small number will continue to do windell and according to a recent study by the daughter of university college twenty eight percent of palestinian christians said they'd leave this region if given the chance highlighting yet again the growing feeling of despair at a time of year when there is usually at the very least a small semblance of hope. bethlehem the occupied west bank the u.s. president says he's open to dialogue with north korea data kim jong un it follows a recent escalation in rhetoric between the two datas trump also said he's hopeful that next week's meeting between north and south korea will go beyond the north
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participation in the winter olympics i would love to see them take. a very good relationship with south korea i would love to see it go far beyond things absolutely just. right now they're talking to us it's a start it's a victory if i weren't involved they wouldn't be talking about the interest rate to be doing if you were there would be much more serious. at least fourteen people have been killed in. attacks in rebel held a mask this has been a spike in violence and in recent weeks. about fifty five is have been reported around the australian state of victoria as temperatures soar above forty to. have been battling conditions to contain the flame and the five commas for the north something isn't sure and its hottest day on record has been forty seven point eight degrees celsius at one weather station but those are the headlines on al-jazeera
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face to face of coming up next. freedom is not free. every day people die for freedom freedom is not free and in these two guys these two men died just so would we could have basic rights just so i could walk down a street. and not be arrested be able to you know do normal things like everybody else these were the watchman of the tatar they came and they received life when you told martin if you go out and speak to your people you're going to dad martin still had the determination to do that for what he was going to say they told malcolm the same thing if you go out and speak to your people you're going to die but they had determination to look death in the face and say i am going to speak in spite of
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that's right get into your true make you look like you act like malcolm you mean you act like you really did that for what you believe there are because you know there's no great calls then for you to be to the greatest human being that god placed on this plane that's right. some one nine hundred sixty four new york is in the grip of riots and clashes between white police and inhabitants of black neighborhoods have turned five ten years of struggle for civil rights have not brought an end to the injustices and racism suffered by black americans. boiled over after a police officers shot dead a black teenager. in harlem the
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indian nation and revolt was embodied by one man. x. in photographs he projects a role intensity to match his stated indignation at the abuse that american blacks have suffered. malcolm x. was the spokesman for the nation of islam the black muslim movement that preached supremacy of blacks over whites. at the start of the one nine hundred sixty s. the media were constructing a combat that stirred the civil rights debate malcolm x. versus martin luther king leader of the civil rights movement who was fighting against segregation in the southern states. martin luther king the hero of nonviolent resistance was a favorite target of markham ex white men paid seven martin luther king subsidized revenue. so that revenue can continue to think the negroes to be defense. martin luther king never responded to malcolm's attacks he never agreed to debate
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with him the only time the ever met in washington the two men shook hands but barely spoke to each other. but one photo remains edged into memories an image that brings together the two opposing dreams of the black calls. hang on a let nobody turn me round to me round turn me round and go on and live nobody turn me round i'm gonna key bano walk again keep on walk on up to freedom. the civil rights movement was the singing movement. we were in the deep south and african-american people were church going people and for the most part we're in christian churches one thing martin luther king
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brought me to was a preacher baptist preacher a message he brought was we must take the church out of these four walls that's a direct quote from martin. martin luther king underwent his political baptism in alabama one of the most races states in the south where many whites continue to behave as if slavery had not been abolished a century before. in montgomery king organize a campaign to boycott the buses it was the start of a major struggle against laws that kept whites and blacks apart in public areas and the denied blacks their right to vote in our other have a right we have a duty to. grow and you said ireland above and you're. worth it in bad because you have a duty to sit down and merely because you have a right you have a duty to step back because the language is good and bad you have
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a bent. and if you let the right man get into you. about. him was workin take down side now. that prevented black people from ride in buses where they wanted to and to ride and train public transportation prevented them from voted in and all of those things that black people were paid fans from doing and the style but in a not black saval ways could vote but as malcolm said you may have the vote but you end up voting for nothing because they've already decided that you're not going to have any power. i move to harlem in the summer of nine hundred sixty two and i are moving in on
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a friday night saturday morning we got up instead of unpacking all that we decided we were going to walk down the main street in harlem which is linux avenue which is now malcolm x. boulevard and she would just look at the community when we got down coast in an exam know we saw a crowd gathering so we said oh i was going go and he said to malcolm x. is going to speak. we've heard of him you know to boogie man he was the boogie man and lead in violence and it shouldn't kill white folks and all that kind of stuff but that's mainly what we had heard so we said listen we've got to say it is time for you and me to figure out that it is time for you or me to hear for ourselves and it is time for you and me to fight for our set we don't need anybody today speaking or are being harassed or fighting for iraq he spent a lot of time talking about the psychological attacks of white supremacy the attacks on our minds and that to me was like completely i only when i begin to hear
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and i begin to cause to realize all the things that have been happening to me as a child growing up and other things that i now realize were a part of that site the movies you know that all of those things were part of that psychological attack to make us feel inferior one has to realize that to calm the person black kinda fifty's and sixty's was in in south and thing to did it was now come mag's who i am most single handedly transformed their racial crankshafts nits of black people. so that they no longer were ashamed of being black the honorable elijah muhammad is that the one stealing. and we did steal he stopped us from gambling and he stopped us from law stealing
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runs rampant you know gambling runs rampant in home oh cattle evils in places that care product immunity run record in a home. in harlem everyone knew the story of malcolm little the young hoodlum who discovered the nation of islam and its leader elijah mohammad while in prison it was muhammad who made malcolm x. the spokesperson for this black separatist movement with its racial vision of a world where black muslims would live apart from whites thanks to markham x. the nation of islam became popular in the ghettos of the northern states but organization was always one there was concern about offering an an option an alternative to black americans you know here's and here's something what we're talking about in terms of the goals and objectives we have as far cry which you hear you know you following christianity for example well as connected to the slave trade that's connected to your slave holder you know he does not have your best
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interests in mind he's given you a religion it's that tamps down your your potential for violence and raising up. mr x. you have described a muslim moment as a religious organization and you said that there are a great many misconceptions about your attitudes and stated views can we press for a very simple answer to one question do you hate all white people i don't think it's a fair question. my had it right my head in the white man doesn't even come into my attitude he did mr monnett teaches us to love our own kind and let the white man take care of himself for the right man to days after kidnapping millions of black people from africa stripping them of all human characteristics and relegating them to the rule of channel cattle or animals commodity merchandise that could be bought and sold it will and then one hundred years since the emancipation plant
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approximation using every type of deceptive method to further us into slavery call second class citizenship i think that it would take a whole lot of nerve for white people today to ask negroes do they hate them ok map them spoke to the white media but he was not trying to convince still fight media then what he was saying was true because he knew that they were going to distort what he said. but caving around of the hand and artists of the spoken word he worths try our way stranded get the attention of the needy yet to use the media to support he is non violent approach to social change was after seeing the repeal of segregation laws on the alabama busing
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king pursued his action in other states the son of the emerged as the leader of the civil rights movement. we do not want to wait fifty years for our rights we don't want to wait twenty five years for our right we don't want to wait ten years for our rights we want all of our rights we want them here and we welcome now. the young pastor became a celebrity the media hailed the effectiveness of his nonviolent approach king and his lieutenants used television to effect in front of the cameras they saw to provoke the violence of the authorities demonstrators were told to show no hostility towards the adversary but to resist peaceful. method of resistance is one of the most if not the most weapons.
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chris. froome. in the cities of the north nonviolent resistance was a message that fell on deaf ears in new york malcolm x. famously visited a police station to denounce the violence i'm not satisfied with the fact that the police in this downtown area has punched one of our brothers in the mouth and their brother wasn't breaking any law he was only selling papers and it would be dangerous for them to get the impression that we endorse martin luther king the last of your turn the other cheek malcolm represented the kind of attitude and political perspective of many of young black so-called militants and radicals coming out of urban areas in the north they have a didn't come attitude it was hard for them to swallow this notion of nonviolence you know so i go inside my head then retribution is coming i can't see myself
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falling down on my knees and given any kind of extra advantage to my enemy malcolm says somebody hits you you send him to the cemetery the non violent strategy of modern new thick king jr from now come back was a week philosophy it was a philosophy of turn the other cheek it was a philosophy of not hidden back and now come comes from a black nationalist tradition that does not believe that you can and can't show freedom yossef respect yo get me to buy sit play the lead in somebody beat up on you and you not shy to defeat in yo say that's why he malcolm emphasizes seth to
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fit. but. emphasize nonviolence because if blacks had responded trying to defend them sad that would a brought down the pole least department down our own those demonstrators and whites would have loved to have the chance to kill black people in distress. so king and malcolm had that tension. i am happy. with you. will go down in the rear. the greatest demonstration read on in the history of. television played a central role in the african american struggle for equality in one thousand nine
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hundred sixty three a series of events covered by the national networks reveal the scale of inequality in the south to millions of americans well they're right now in one thousand nine hundred sixty three was the year of martin luther king's tryon and his relationship with president kennedy who had been in power for two years was key to his strategy but it was this alliance which ween king and washington this idyllic picture of reconciliation between blacks and whites that provoked the ire of marco makes it all started in birmingham alabama in the spring of one nine hundred sixty three king and another pastor ralph abernathy were filmed being arrested for organizing an unauthorized demonstration the arrest was part of a strategy that king would use in future campaigns it was important that the cameras captured the unrest in birmingham was a city that embodied to southern racism where whites like to repeat the governor's
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slogan segregation now segregation tomorrow segregation forever can you believe that alabama would not and could not polisi it seth and that what he wanted to do was to show that so that the federal government would have to become involved and their body make a family a law that would override anything that any of that jim crow laws that's in birmingham alabama in one thousand nine hundred sixty three it was in prison where martin luther king wrote the text that encapsulated his struggle the letter from birmingham jail king wrote the purpose of a direct action program is to create a situation so. crisis pact that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation. president kennedy intervened and king was soon freed
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a few days later king and his followers found a way into the national consciousness. one of his lieutenants suggests well why don't we have school children they don't have jobs they don't have mortgages. a lot of controversy about that within king's circle. but the decision is made and so we have hundreds and hundreds of children marching. and that's also the moment where the bull connor the public safety commissioner decides to bring out attack dogs and high powered fire hoses those pictures. go around the world.
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where we get these incredibly dramatic images. they are so powerful and here we have a story of two opposing forces one behaving brutally the other being victimized and so on you know for television this is
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a spectacular story. malcolm x. is quoted in the media being very very critical about king and the movement allowing children to march and be arrested and be brutalized that was our main crucible berman here. i mean the fact that it hit you would you that children would be put in this and after what i understand even some of the king people kind of you know had a problem with that initially they misled they had a problem with interesting lee it's it's at that moment that the coverage of king starts to change because very shortly after this particular campaign it it's now it's called the children's campaign very shortly after that
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the white power structure in birmingham basically collapses a green is to basically agrees to king's demands the media coverage of king then very quickly changes he's not the militant anymore he is the hero two days after his victory over the local authorities martin luther king was the target of an attack several buildings were burned down by white extremists leading to riots in the black community in the face of the unrest john f. kennedy sent the national guard to the outskirts of birmingham in harlem markham xscape full voice to his anger we are not integration. and we believe that your little to try and mix with someone who doesn't love you well that doesn't mean that we in any any way condone what those friends are doing in birmingham alabama
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people should know that it is no accident that along the gulf were writing negro women negro babies a negro children kennedy said nothing it was only after the negro began to strike that. it was then it was then that kennedy called in the on the phone to be going by kennedy don't you be fooled by the don't go to the grocery just when i don't thank you you get that good i get the four legged dog. after the events of burning martin luther king and malcolm x. were interviewed a few days apart for a program about the race issue brings us an interpretation it was in all but unity to share their opposing vision was to put the black caucus malcolm x. has said of your philosophy that it plays into the hands of the light of practice that they are happy when you talk about love for the oppressor because this is far
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from the negro well i don't think of love as in this context as emotional bond i don't think of it as we all but i think the love of something strong and all the nice itself and powerful i direct action and i think some of the criticisms on nonviolence of some of the critics fail to realize is that we are talking about something very strong and they can few. non-resistance with nonviolence is. king assumes that people are reading know that he is right about what he is sand so he is using the intellectual tradition of why it's in order to make his point malcolm does not use the intellectual tradition of whites
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to make his point malcolm uses the experiences of black people in the ghetto the people that he's talking to reverend martin luther king. preaches a doctrine of nonviolent insistence upon the rights of the american negro what is your attitude a lot of white men who have been martin luther king subsidize luther king so that revenue martin luther king can continue to teach the negroes to be defenseless that's what you mean by not about to be defenseless be defenseless in the face of one of the most cruel beat that has ever taken the people into captivity that this american white man. june nineteenth sixty seventh sixty's the redrew the map of the middle east this mechanism of the me in that war was the greatest tragedy in the history of islam
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fifty years later al-jazeera expose the events leading to the war and its consequences which is still felt today we tried everything we went to the united nations and tried to make. contacts through different countries and it was clear that all this was just two of the rule in june at this time the latest news as it breaks the government of mali so mikey has pushed to have a series of laws that it says will make argentina's economy more competitive with detailed coverage in two thousand and sixteen when the government stop subsidizing that's all the cost of polluted jumped by sixty percent the queues disappear at least for a year from around the world the military and the establishment in the capital bangkok know that it's very difficult for them to win support in parts of thailand like this. so unbelievably it sounds like an agreement between criminal busts just like trading in stolen goods that have been taken by the place if anyone ever comes to ask that question minister throw their hands up in the air and say i don't know
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i was just nominee director we're doing an investigation into. ukraine could you pay bribes you've been corrupt or i've been corrupt i did just what presidents. this time. and all of the problem and the headlines on al-jazeera the chinese transport ministry says thirty two saying is a missing after an oil tanker collided with a freight ship in the east china sea all those missing from the tank which is still on fire at the freighter was damaged but all on board have been rescued. protests against the greek orthodox patriarch of jerusalem have overshadowed orthodox christmas celebrations in bethlehem the alleged sale of church land to israeli spot
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ten scenes demonstrators say that could make it harder for palestinians to establish their own state and jordan says the arab league will seek international recognition of a palestinian state half a u.s. president donald trump decision to move the embassy from tel aviv to jerusalem trump decision has been widely condemned with the u.n. vote rejecting the move. donald trump says he's open to dialogue with north korean leader kim jong un follows a recent escalation in rhetoric between the two leaders will trump also said he's hopeful that tuesday's meeting between north and south korea will go beyond the north participation in the winter olympics. i'd love to see them take you beyond the olympics we have a very good relationship with south korea i would love to see you go far beyond the rethinks absolutely. rich i would be wrong right now they're talking worse it's a story it's a big story if i weren't involved they wouldn't be talking about olympics right now
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to be doing you know to a few words every much more serious the italian coast guard says at least eight my friends have died in eighty six others have been rescued from a boat off the coast of libya rescue agencies say many more still missing and put the death toll as high as twenty five the international organization for migration says the mediterranean sea is the world's deadliest for water. at least fourteen people have been killed in airstrikes and artillery attacks in rebel held suburbs and there's a mask this has been a spike in violence of the east and in recent weeks. around fifty fires have been reported around the astray and state of victoria as temperatures soar above forty degrees firefighters have been battling dry and windy conditions to contain the flames the fires calm as for the north sydney is enjoying its hottest day on record setting forty seven point eight degrees celsius at one weather station. those are the headlines on al-jazeera face to face continues next thank you very much for
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watching. max and martin luther king two legendary figures with opposing visions for american civil rights and into their rivalry plays out on primetime television in the united states common. dr king is equality and all right citizenship or not the goal of dr martin luther king is to give negro the chance to sit in a segregated restaurant plain white man alive four hundred years the goal of dr martin luther king is to get negroes to forgive the people who have lived them four hundred years but by loving them to sleep and making them forgetting what the white have done to them come criticize martin because he was trying to we end our ballo to sick
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nakes to why people are in a restaurant but man says i mean that's not freedom sitting next to white people is not freedom said whites freedom is black people having their own self-determination where they can buy their own restaurant and they don't have to worry about whites not serving them. june eleventh one thousand nine hundred sixty three mocked a major victory for king and his movement president kennedy gave a televised address in which he presented the plight of southern blacks as a moral crisis affecting the whole country but we decided the world and much more importantly to each other that this is a land of the free except the negroes that we have no second class citizens except negroes we have no class or caste system no ghettos no master
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race except with respect and they go. now the time has come to this nation it will fill its promise events in birmingham and elsewhere and so increased the crisis requalify that no city or state or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them. a few days later at the white house civil rights leaders submitted their plans to the kennedy administration for a major political rally in washington their aim was to draw attention to the injustices that continue to affect twenty million blacks the administration was afraid the unrest would spill over onto the streets of the nation's capital king reassured the white house and the event took place but on the terms set by kennedy .
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on the day of the march the whole of america could follow proceedings live on t.v. thanks to cameras set up along the route the three national networks gave wide coverage to the event which was the culmination of a decade of intense struggle for civil rights. what you see is an emphasis on black and white together. the march was about three quarters african-americans one quarter white but if you look at the coverage you would think it was almost fifty fifty so one way that television news was framing this monumental phenomenon is of blacks and whites coming together each see images of marchers and the emphasis is always on dignity. so you see these framed
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portraits of marchers. you know the t.v. cameras are always looking for well dressed marchers and and this was part of the organizing of the march where your best clothes right you're going to be seen by the nation so the impulse seems to be on the day of the march to portray this for television viewers as non-threatening and you know this is the ideal this is what integration looks like that to me was i was like a picnic it had almost like a picnic like atmosphere to i of this like totally unimpressed and although i was you know i had already accepted brother malcolm interpretation of it from listening to him speak but but. to me it was it was i was out when you look when you when i was there and i will say to myself why would anyone object to this this is
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a great this is a great. for the kennedy administration makes them look as though they're doing something and something major is going on and i have a theory. have my formulas. one day live in a nation where they will not be deterred by the color of their yes but by the content of back eric i am was now you have two hundred fifty thousand people you know gathered in one place seemingly on the same page. see many there to idolize the kind of iconic value that dr king represented at the end and even people who organized the march recognize that king would be the centerpiece you know a philip randolph in particular he knew exactly what he was doing that dr king would come on and move
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that crowd is such a way that no other speaker in this country could do on capitol screamed that one day i was home in alabama with this fish race. with the governor having him conniptions tripping with the words up into position another fictitious one day right hand in alabama the little black boy was in fact won't be able to join hands and i'm afraid gordon right at the drop is not free. everything is i have a dream. i have a dream i have a dream and and to me the greatest lines from that speech that should be embedded into the minds of specially of young black folks is the full fathers of this country gave us a promise every note and we have come here today to cash that check that to be
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that's bothered me and in terms of an image created in the my that was a powerful statement. totally even though. by god we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is backed. by we refuse to believe that out i an official from the great oh of opportunity a bit late so we come to catch this check check that will give up the pun demand the riches of freedom and the security of stuff. from uncle max the march on washington was an event to be rejected in a famous speech he attacked what he calls the farce on washington. the click to put kennedy in power during the march on washington is just
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like when you got some coffee it is too black. which means it's too strong what you do you didn't agree with cream. it used to be hot it becomes cool it used to be stronger becomes weak. it used to wake you up now. just. this is what they did with the march on washington they joined it became a problem of it took it over and there they took it over the last us militancy. they seized me angry they seized me hot they seized me uncompromising why even seized me a mom she became a picnic a circus were nothing but a circus with clowns and all. they control it sucks to be the title of negroes one time to time. how to cook. where to start.
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caring. what fun to see what speech they could make you have a speech to come to me and then told them to get out of town by sundown. the march on washington sealed an alliance between king and kennedy. from now on it was king who had the ear of the white house. according to the media the two men were going to write american history but it would be written without kennedy. monday nov twenty fifth one thousand nine hundred sixty three america is in shock following kennedy's assassination as the nation watches his televised funeral king and the black cause have just lost their most powerful political ally but markham x. upsets the mood of mourning. when kennedy is killed. because
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the grief for the nation was so intense any quote or sound bite that seems to be critical of kennedy. is just not going to be tolerated malcolm x. second in command of the black muslim movement expressed joy at the assassination of president kennedy at a manhattan rally last sunday not and said that the killing of the president was an instance of the chickens coming home to roost he added and we quote being an old farm boy myself chickens coming home to roost never make me sad they always make me to let in chicago today a larger mohamad the leader of the any white muslin movement suspended not a mix and this about his state you know you live to chickens out in the morning they go around and they always come back. what it was what chicken was basically
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words was the same as saying what you reap is what you sow and brother malcolm position was with dedicated it ministration had allowed all of that violence to occur in birmingham in other places and had not done very much about it but the way that the media of course takes up that quote is malcolm is saying kennedy deserved to be shot i personally wish he had not sit now because it was not true because i believed every word of it but i big because he was able to it brad ammunition for his enemies both in the you know in the larger world and in the nation of islam to use it against after three months of silence imposed by elijah muhammad malcolm x. was finally banished from the nation of islam from now on he had to speak for himself you consider yourself
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a militant. i consider myself now. i think when he left the nation of islam in march of one thousand nine hundred eighty four he felt it too was a great degree i feel a kind of a liberal tory he felt liberated in fact he had some point said something about the strait jacket is no longer on him now he can move and become more political because i understand that the nation of islam tended to tamp down any kind of political expression to stay clear of that that's what got malcolm in trouble when he said something about kenny's assassination you know about the chickens coming home to roost got him into deep water so and inept precipitated a number of other moves but he was already as far as i'm concerned he was beginning to step outside of that any way he saw him saw of in a larger picture and making
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a greater contribution. what will be the difference between your new movement and the nation of islam well the basic difference will be probably more flexible and it's not my intention to teach among muslims those who are already muslim but to take mr mohammed's message out among non muslim so-called or your work then with negro groups that are working for integration but we won't be joining them nor will they be joining us but we will work together on any objective that we haven't or that will be for the common good of the negro community. in washington martin luther king continued his political work with a group of senators sympathetic to his ideas he joined the debate on the civil rights draft bill initiated by kennedy the bill was the most progressive legislation yet regarding african americans during a press conference which he gave to capitol hill king saw an unexpected visitor at
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the back of the room it was markham x. . malcolm x. always wanted to meet king. and debate with me. but king our ways refuse to meet with. larger maybe car he knew that if he met with america support from the white community would be our most eliminated so king had to carry himself in such a way that the support for which he gat from the world why community would not try. after the conference the two men met face to face. this encounter that king had always avoided it unfolded in front
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of the press and photographers. the meeting only lasted a minute but these images that capture them side by side like this photo what is smiling became a strong symbol of reconciliation between two opposing visions of the black caucus those two people martin and malcolm symbol live is something that is in our our african-american each of us has a little bit of martin add a little bit american and us see malcolm represents that blackness enough's that sand there we are all white even messing with us we are the david now come represent that fayyad facts fight that
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refusal to let any bad a define who we are carrying represents our desire are to get along with everybody and could in wise our desire are to want to create a society for all people defined by nonviolence to love and care for our people and the society. on july second one thousand nine hundred sixty four the civil rights bill was signed at the white house what king saw come into being that day was a federal law that punished all racial discrimination in the u.s. he appeared alongside president johnson as a victorious hero at last this law was washington's response to king's dream. a few days later america was caught up in another crisis following the acquittal of
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a policeman who had killed a black teenager riots broke out in new york for two days and nights violence reigned in the black neighborhoods king's lieutenants tried to ease tensions but to no effect. one rioter was killed one hundred eighteen injured and nearly five hundred were arrested several police officers were also injured from marco max it was a sign that blacks were no longer prepared to turn the other cheek the spiral of violence had begun sixteen hundred one the donkey. and said he'd leave sixty five of us leave. in the eighteen hundred hour the nigger.
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least that was my name. in a t.v. sixty how was the negro. and then roll them out all came along. and then some nigger shouted down them down. but the bitter truth lives on. on february the twenty first nine hundred sixty five malcolm x. was assassinated at the start of a political meeting in the audubon theater in harlem three men shot him at close range. one of the killers a member of the nation of islam was arrested the same day his violent death abruptly ended one of america's most famous political debates. martin luther king gave his public reaction a few days later i think malcolm x. . he played a role in pointing out the problem calling attention to it but his
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great problem was an inability to emerge with a solution he had slogans that. were catchy and that people listened to but i don't think he ever counted out the solution to the problem. what king didn't know was that in death marcom x. would become much more than a rival he became a memory the revolutionary consciousness for a generation of young blacks. word of his death spread through the ghettos and resonated like a revenge on king. six days of rioting in a negro section of los angeles left behind scenes reminiscent of war torn city more
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than one hundred square blocks were decimated by fire and looters as the national guard moved in restore comparative calm in the second half of the one nine hundred sixty s. america entered a long cycle of race riots media attention shifted from the south to the ghettos of the north everything king following this movement he campaigned to denounce the economic injustices that blacks faced in america's major cities. king described riots. as temp attention of children i'll people who don't have an option can put that effect cry out to say i am somebody and hear this sent to me you know what you don't want to me and can i understood that and he realized that the sign a staff. of resistance is dead he it used in the
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south would not work in the know up is that everyone isn't in washington that senatorial committee was set up to investigate rising violence in the ghettos king was summoned to put forth his position on the talking basically. economic and social yes that's correct hundred because i think. that it is necessary to see at this point that the issues which we confront all the hard. core economic issues for about a decade we worked on public accommodations and the right to vote and as i said earlier it was necessary to do this an audit to remove a stigma or an audit to remove the humiliation of a caste system but now we moving into an area where we must demand basic reforms that will deal with these
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basic economic issues our whole problem of housing and education and i think we've got to see that this is much harder it was easier to integrate public facilities it was easier to gain the right to vote because it didn't cost the nation anything he was moving into the arena of economics. at konami justice. and that was a whole different arena and a lot of people who supported him in trying to get rid of the laws about sitting on the back of a bus and being able to eat at the lunch counter when he saw talk about economics boy some of those people who stop pulling away could this is that there was a new ball this is another ballgame when you see king in his later life he begins to refer to our ladies radical black sand our tradition who are so
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challenging the government and so you see king talking about they've turned man dream into a night man he begin to take a stand against the war in vietnam he began to pull our organize a poor people's campaign and fight against poverty that king was the king who became the radical king and that's when he began to move toward malcolm x. . on april fourth one thousand nine hundred sixty eight martin luther king was assassinated in memphis. a few days later at his funeral the black community was not only mourning its national leader three years after the violent death of malcolm x. it was laying to rest the two dreams that it shapes the history of african americans.
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welcome back as we look at weather conditions around the eastern side of the mediterranean and western parts of asia we've got a few showers to contend with on the southern side of the caspian sea but for iran it's ten degrees and largely dry decent temperatures for kuwait and baghdad indeed is looking rosalee fine around the eastern side of the mediterranean and heading through into monday not a great deal of change eighteen and bright in beirut so let's head down into the arabian peninsula where it's a largely fine picture much as you'd expect but having said that so the chance want to sharon stone towards a southern end of the red sea woman off in mecca thirty two degrees plus enough in doha twenty four enough a breeze to assure we have no visibility problems and then heading through into monday turn a little bit cooler highs of twenty two here in just eighteen four riyadh's now as we head into southern portions of africa we have this circulation this tropical
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cyclone aver which is working its way very slowly only east coast of madagascar it is has got a lot of moisture within it and stropping a vast amount of rain in excess of a meter of rain in some areas of flooding has got to be an issue elsewhere fine conditions across much of south africa through botswana and into a beer northern parts feingold through into zambia seeing a few showers to come southwards into zimbabwe should be fine with highs of twenty nine degrees in harare. january on jersey the african heads of state and governments will gather in at his ababa for the state's assembly of the african union where the goals set out say in twenty seventeen minutes rewind returns with brand new episodes updating some of the best al-jazeera documentaries from over the years the biggest names in politics in business will meet in the swiss alps for the world economic forum what will be
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talk of the agenda matter the aasan engages in rigorous debate cutting through the headline on up front and in a week our special coverage will be gauging reaction from around the world to america's most controversial president of modern times january on al-jazeera valued as a gem of africa nairobi has gone through many changes over the past decades took to al-jazeera travels to the kenyan capital to hear from those who witnessed the city's progress to becoming a metropolis and discusses where it's heading now at this time on al-jazeera. alpha this is the opportunity to understand the story in a very different way where there before something happens and we don't leave after . unbelievable it sounds like an agreement between a criminal boss just like trading in stolen goods that have been taken by the place if anyone ever comes to ask the question is for throw their hands up in the air and
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say i don't know i was just nominee director we're doing a investigation into. ukraine could you pay bribes you've been corrupt been corrupt i did just what the president say al-jazeera investigations the only goal at this time. thirty two people missing after a freighter collides with an oil tanker in the east china sea. no this is al jazeera live from doha. also ahead at least seventeen people.


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