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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 8, 2016 9:00am-9:31am EST

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nowhere to go for now, refugees stuck at the border in europe await their fate as the european union and turkey agree on a draft proposal. >> this is al jazeera live from doha. also ahead on the program: we've won this battle but not the war. tunisia's prime minister warns his nation after an attack on the libya border. relatives of those onboard mh370 mark a somber anniversary.
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we're in mexico where this group of women is using a unique way to fight sexual harassment. hello, the u.n. is questioning the legality of an agreement which would see refugees and migrants in europe sent back to turkey. the u.n. high commission for refugees said he especially wants to know more about the safeguards in place to protect people. we'll speak with james bays at the u.n. shortly. first jonah hull tells us about the deal between the e.u. and turkey. >> finally, at the end of a long day and night, the breakthrough they'd hoped for. the european union reached an agreement with turkey that they believe marks the beginning of the end of europe's refugee crisis. >> this is a real game changer. the days of irregular migration to europe are over. or objective is to discourage
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illegal migration to prevent human smugglers to help people hoop want to come to europe through encouraging legal migration. >> the agreement means that in future, turkey will take back all those making the perilous and illegal journey across the aegean sea to greece. for every syrian refugee returned, one syrian refugee from camps in turkey will be resettled in europe, thus opening a liam route of entry. turkey wanted more from the e.u. in return for its help, more money, double in fact, the 3.3 billion us dollars already pledged to help refugees on the shore, more cast iron guarantees and quicker access for turkish citizens to use visa the.
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no one of these promises are made here, they are crucial details and difficult once yet to be discussed. there are key objections to be overcome within the e.u., concerns that turkey is using the refugee crisis to further its e.u. membership bid, hungary vetoing resettling refugees, insisting that press respect for turkey be bart of any deal. it is nevertheless an important milestone. >> that is the deal in a nutshell, what we know of it right now, anyway. james bays is at the united nations in geneva and james, a lot of skepticism being expressed about that deal. what have they been saying there? >> yes, well we had a news conference earlier on here in geneva but the refugee agency of
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the united nations, the agency that's trying to help all the people that are fleeing syria and all the other refugees that many of them have found themselves now in turkey and trying to make their way into europe. at that news conference, they said they wanted to look at the plan in more detail because it had only seen a statement of the e.u. and don't know exactly how the e.u. plan for this to work, but at first reading, they are very, very concerned. i then put a question to the regional response coordinator of the unhcr for the refugee crisis in europe and i said could this be a breach of international humanitarian law. this was his answer: >> yes, collective -- an agreement that would be tantamount to blanket return of any foreigners to a country is
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not consistent with european law, is not consistent with international law. we need to see what can be the safeguards and i can't believe that the european union would agree with the safeguards that it has when in relation to readmission to all e.u. countries. in other words, if you want to return one person from 1e.u. country to another, you have certain safeguards under the dublin regulation. there cannot be less safeguards when we talk about readmission to reentry outside of the european union. >> we understand u.n. secretary ban ki-moon has weighed in, as well with that what's he's been saying? >> ban ki-moon is on a visit to europe, currently in berlin. he's having a meeting with angela merkel, the german chancellor and we know that in that meeting, top of the agenda is going to be the refugee crisis. in their brief comments, ban ki-moon said that he was
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concerned that some e.u. nations were shunning the humanitarian responsibilities with reward to the refugee crisis. even tougher comments beyond the u.n. coming from some human rights organization object amnesty international, for example saying they believe the e.u. plan is without with moral and legal flaws. >> james bays live for us there in geneva, thank you. >> now as european leaders outline their strategy to sox the refugee crisis, thousands of frustrated people stuck in greece have been plead, macedonia to open its border. the balkan state is only allows in a small number of refugees to cross each day. they've been gathering at the border fence demanding that they be let through so that they can continue their journey north. the french president though didn't offer them much hope. >> first the refugees if the
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border of greece and macedonia, first of all, they have to understand they will not be able to cross. we have to speed up relocation and to a certain degree, eadmission to those who do not qualify for asylum. for the moment, these people need to be supported and provided with aid. greece will be responsible for this, but will be financed by europe. >> we are on the border where many refugees are waiting for an answer after a rough night. >> the camp is absolutely soaked, people are putting their clothes or whatever little belongings they have in the sun to dry, but it's been very, very difficult and the disappointment this morning that they don't -- still don't know what is going to happen to them is huge and palpable everywhere. joining me to discuss that is a deputy head of mission of doctors without borders here in greece. welcome. this meeting, we don't have any
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indication to those who are already in greece, the 15,000 who are stranded here and the 36,000 who are in the rest of the country. >> no, the agreement as far as i have read it this morning doesn't specify this at all, what will be the fate of these people. i mean, that's just one of the unclarities about the outcome of yesterday's meeting. >> now, they were pinning their hopes and they were staying very calm, hoping for the borders to open, hoping to have some sort of guideline. there is no guideline whatsoever, nothing has changed for them, right? >> no, it is utterly disappointing and not surprising, but still shocking that it takes a whole bunch of the most powerful people in europe to come to no conclusion after one day of meeting, and to basically heard the whole issue to another meeting next week. in the meantime, it may be
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political crisis but for us here on the ground, people being present here, this is humanitarian crisis. this is something that you can not just refer to another meeting, another time. it's a crisis that that has to be dealt with today. >> i've been here for the past three weeks and watching people living conditions deteriorate running out of cash and now with this blow they've got, how are you going to deal with all of that? the amount of children who are here are quite vulnerable in these conditions. can they wait for another week before knowing if they can go somewhere else or what will happen to them? >> it will be very difficult. as you said, people bring some pocket money. they have spent it now to buy a tent, to buy some necessities, to buy a bottle of water, so they are running out, and i'm not sure if they can afford
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basically to stay here for another week. i spoke to people who said maybe i should go back to athens, because the border seems to be very closed, however, then they have to pay $20 to take a bus and they don't have $20, so they are literally stuck here. >> thank you very much. we've been speaking to many of these refugees throughout the morning, some very heartbreaking conversations, mothers who have three, four very young children who were hoping to join their husbands in germany who are now stuck crying and desperate saying we have no money, what is going to happen to us. i think the most difficult for all of these people apart from the living condition is the fact that there are still no clear guidelines and they don't know still what is their situation. one person has been killed in turkey after mortar shells were fired from the syrian
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border. these are the latest pictures from the turkish town taken moments after the bomb hit. they stuck a border area close to a school. the turkish military has returned fire into syria. tunisia's prime minister called an attack on a border town in libya a terror strike aimed at establishing an isil emirate there. he says a group of 50 around men stormed posts in the town killing 12 soldiers and seven civilians. tunisia has now closed its borders with libya, as we report from ben gardene. >> the people woke up to this, the sound of heavy gunfire. the attacks on the town were coordinated on the national army and security forces. some local people report seeing dozens of fighters roaming the streets. tunisia authorities say they've
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killed many of them, including this man, who they accuse of attempting to fire a rocket propelled grenade at a police station. >> this was one of the targets, in the heart of ben gardene, showing there is an organized well armed group operating in this region and exhale of hitting strategic forges. >> this call ben gardene the world west of tunisia, known for the smuggling of goods from nearby libya, its markets and shops are now closed. tunisians have traveled from here to fight for groups like isil in libya and many think isil is behind what happened. >> they are dirt. we are not afraid of them. all the people have ben gardene are in solidarity with the government. i am a citizen. for us, all the citizens are in solidarity with the government. we hate them. they don't represent us.
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they don't represent tunisia. >> of course i'm afraid. we are all afraid because it is the first time that something like this has happened. >> one possible reason for this attack is revenge for a recent u.s. air strike on an isil camp in western libya. most of those killed were tunisians. it's thought the strike happened with the help of funnen intelligence. last week, around a dozen armed fighters crossed the border close to ben gardene attacking security forces, but this time it was a much larger group june 36 fighters have been killed and several more arrested. we have information of some tunisian elements involved but there are also foreigners responsible for the attack. we've gathered intelligence from the fighters. >> tunisia clearly needs better
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intelligence to protect its borders. this fighting shows the threat isn't just coming from libya, it's also been tunisia itself. al jazeera, ben gardene, southern tunisia. israeli police have shot dead a palestinian woman who they say tried to stab officers. a palestinian witness said the 50-year-old was not carrying a knife when police opened fire in occupied east jerusalem. 188 palestinians have been killed in similar incidents over the past five months, along with 28 israelis. the u.s. military says it's killed more than 150 al shabab fighter issue an air attack in somalia. the u.s. figure of the number of deaths they say is exaggerated. >> mogadishu has been the target of many al shabab attacks, but not today. it's not known whether the
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capital was of the intended target, but the pentagon said it thwart a major al shabab offensive by using drones and other aircraft to attack an al shabab training camp. >> the fighters who were scheduled to depart the camp posed an imminent threat to u.s. and african mission forces in somalia. their ravel, the ravel of those terrorist fighters degrade al shabab's ability to meet objects i have somalia. >> the camp is 120 mill meters norse of the the capitol, a remote location to try to escape constant surveillance by u.s. aircraft. that doesn't appear to have worked. the pentagon says the camp has been monitored for weeks and surveillance indicated a major attack was being planned. al shabab confirmed in a phone conversation to al jazeera that they had been an attack on its training camp buff said the u.s. figure of more than 150 dead was
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exaggerated. in a statement, the somali government told al jazeera it welcomed the precision drone attack on the al shabab base in collaboration with the somali army, minimizing the threat of al shabab. it is not without controversy. >> military leaders primarily and government authorities would say this allows us to attack leadership targets that will eventually cause the down foul of these organizations. on the other hand, some would say that there's very little evidence that cutting off the head of the snake causes the collapse of these organizations, that in fact, they are able to replicate leaders very, very quick and replace them and so in fact, the efficiency of the drone strikes did not really bear out in the long run. >> al shabab is an armed group with links to al-qaeda. fighting to overthrow the somali government. just the last year, al shabab has claimed responsibility for
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at least four major attacks. six people were injured monday in a town more than 300 kilometers north of mogadishu. in february, al shabab claimed responsibility for an attack on an aircraft. a u.n. security council arms embargo has long been in place to stop weapons from getting into somalia. rocked propelled grenades rifles and machine guns were found off the coast of amman last week in a fishing vessel apparently bound for somalia. with constant surveillance on land and sea, it does seem to be restricting al shabab operations. there is no indication their war will be over soon.
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al jazeera. still to come on the program, i'm in an illegal mine in northeast india where the mine owner is still using children to extract coal. ((úz@9
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. >> hello again, the top stories on al jazeera, the u.n. refugee agency says an agreement between the european union and turkey would violate international law. the turks are offering to take back refugees from greece in return for extra funding and a
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fast track of its e.u. membership bid. 12 military personnel were confirmed killed in libya monday. the raid was a terrorist attack aimed at establishing an isil emrelate in the town of ben gardene. a family of the passengers and crew of the malaysian airline flight held a vigil to mark the anniversary. families of the many missing chinese passengers demanded answers. they protested outside a buddhist temple. >> here's a reminder of what we know. the bowing 777 took off from kuala lampur bound for beijing
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in the early hours of march eight, 2014. about an hour later, communications from the crew ceased and the aircraft disappeared from civilian radar. military radar tracked it for another hour as it turned from its scheduled route than vanished from the radar. transmissions from one of the aircraft's monitoring systems indicate it then flew possibly for hours toward the southern indian ocean following this arc off of western australia, which has become the focus of the search effort. we have more on the investigations and the anniversary. >> the second anniversary of the disappearance of flight mh370 was marked in malaysia in a rather low key manner. politicians held a minute silence in parliament to remember all 239 people who are onboard that plane when it disappeared. a team of international investigators has also issued an interim report.
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according to the international civil aviation organization, an interim report has to be issued on each anniversary of an aviation accident until the final report has been issued, so this is the second i understand rim report. unfortunately, it does not disclose new information or information that isn't in the public domain. the prime minister of malaysia issued a statement on tuesday on the anniversary saying officials are doing all they can to find the plane and to solve what's described as the biggest civil aviation mystery in history. two rather encouraging pieces of evidence have been found. two pieces of possibly plane debris were found, one on reunion island, another on mozambique. now investigators will try and determine if this did indeed come fromment missing mh370. investigators have also said that they expect the search
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operation, which is on going in the southern indian ocean to come to an end sometime in july this year, at point, three countries, china, australia, and malaysia will make a decision whether or not to continue the search operations. three years ago, al jazeera filmed children working in coal mines in an indian state. a year later, the government banned coal mining in the area. now we return to see if the government's actions have had any effect. we have this report from the east hills. >> he is a miner turned farmer. when the indian government banned coal mining, he and many others switched to turmeric farmer. >> mining definitely pays more but if i'm to think about mine and my family's health and safety, farming is better. >> surrounding his field, we
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spot at least eight active mines. the ban it seems has had little effect. >> we investigate further and find pemba. we filmed him three years ago when he was a child miner. he was rescued by a charity but is back in the mines. >> people like me don't have education. all i can do is manual labor and rely on myself. >> he confirms mines here are still operational and that children are still used as labor. he takes us to meet some of them. the smaller one is his brother. he says he's 13 years old. >> coal is very hard. sometimes when i strike stones like this in the mine, it creates a spark. my pick ax has broken before, too. i am not scared of all of this, what scares me the most are the ghosts down there. >> these boys mike five times more than the poverty line but
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the mine owner offers them nopression if things go wrong. they have to buy all their equipment. no one wears a helmet. >> this mine continues to extract coal in violation of the court order and it's using children. these kids and their families are caught in a cycle of exploitation because mining is all they've ever known. they just don't know what else to do. >> coal that was extracted before the ban went into effect was allowed to be transported. all new mining had to stop, but that was two years ago. yet the transport of coal from these mines goes on. >> we showed the evidence to a local member of parliament who also used to own mines in the region. >> i don't say that there's no violation, so many kids have been arrested, but when you have been in the business for so long and people have nothing to do,
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so people are tempted. >> all the ban seems to have done is force the smaller mines to close down and the bigger ones owned by the elite continue to operate unchecked and the children to work in them seem to have no other alternative. al jazeera, northeast india. prosecutors in venezuela are trying to work out what's happened to 28 gold miners who have been missing since friday. family members say the miners were killed by a gang over a disputed goldie post. the government said there is no evidence of that. the opposition says it's all a coverup. it's international women's day this tuesday. a group of mexican women have taken a novel approach to dealing with sexual harassment in their city. >> it's often a fleeting
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encounter, but the anger and shame of sexual harassment on the streets can linger. these women are fighting back with a song. watch as they confront men who have made offensive comments or gestures at them. the men are surprised, although all of them told us they weren't embarrassed, they hid their faces or laughed nervously. >> they're wasting their time. we don't feel ashamed because we didn't do anything. >> for the last three years, these three women have been confronting sexual harassers through performance. they say they've endured harassment on the streets of mexico city since they were children, and it's time it ended. >> we live in a world where everything resolves around men. we are not interested in educating men. what we want to do is to empower
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women. >> but women's rights groups say educating men is key to changing attitude. there's no law in mexico punishes street sexual harassment. even if there were, in a country where there is great distrust of the police getting women to report it may be especially difficult. even so, there are calls to enact a law. >> any changes in the law is going to take time. it's very important to take direct action to educate, talk to other women so they can identify the harassment and ask for help. >> only a handful of men have ever apologized. although they may not be seeing results on the street, the women say they are seeing results from within. >> now i feel more empowered and confident about reacting and i used to be afraid of working in the street. >> the women are spreading their message via social media and
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received support from across latin america. they hope they'll spur a movement that's heard beyond the streets of mexico. al jazeera, mexico city. >> as always, there's lots more on our website, get the latest on all the stories we are following there. >> back to the polls, voters in four more states have their say on who should represent their party in the race for the white house. the vice president visits the middle east, his hopes of through itenning ties with allies. turkey and europe reach an agreement on that they say will help thousands stranded on a desperate journey.