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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 13, 2015 8:00pm-9:01pm EDT

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i will everyone this is al jazeera america, i'm john siegenthaler. deputy charged. [ gunfire ] >> i shot him. i'm sorry. >> hard questions about a shooting in tulsa. child labor, leaving behind home family and their youth. >> i have sent $70 back to my family so far. >> the plight of hundreds of thousands of children in myanmar. bees are disappearing. >> back in the '70s it was a
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walk in the park to be a beekeeper. >> why it matters for humans and what is being done about it. plus the real wizards behind "game of thrones," meet the computer artist behind creating a digital fantasy world. ♪ it has happened again. this time in oklahoma. a law enforcement officer fatally shooting an unarmed black man. and it was captured on videotape. prosecutors say the officer is a 73-year-old reserve sheriff's deputy. he is charged with manslaughter. heidi zhou castro is in tulsa tonight. the reservest is facing one charge of second degree manslaughter it is failing to do
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something that a reasonable person would have done in this case not accidentally shooting and killing a man who is already on the ground. >> stop! stop! stop! stop! stop right here! stop right here! >> reporter: 44-year-old eric harris made a run for it police say after he tried to sell a stolen gun to an undercover officer. after deputies caught up with him, robert bates helped subdue harris. >> roll on your stomach, now. >> reporter: the whole scene captured by officer's body cameras. the voice of reserve deputy bates is heard saying oh i shot him, i'm sorry. police say when he fired he thought he was holding his stun gun, not his handgun. >> oh god! >> i'm losing my breath.
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>> while harris says i am losing my breath a deputy replies f your death. >> he was non-violent. he was peaceful. loving and caring. and he was my brother that i'll never see again until i see him in heaven. >> you have got to see there's no way an officer can get this confused for this. >> the taser has to be engaged on the side to even be used. this weapon is a double-action revolver. there's no engagement mechanism. >> reporter: robert is a volunteer assigned to the violent crimes task force, but has a paying job as an insurance company executive. the tulsa world reports bates served as a police officer briefly from 1964 to 1965, and
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also contributed $2,500 to the sheriff's reelection campaign in 2012 and he has reportedly contributed thousands of dollars worth of equipment to the sheriff's department. now the sheriff has always said his friendship with bates dates back more than 50 years, and the two are fishing buddies, and bates is the sheriff's insurance agent, john. >> heidi, thank you. richard aborn is president of the citizens crime commission of new york city. richard joins us again in the studio welcome back. >> thank you. >> what do you make of the tape? >> the tape is one more indication of why we need another least body cameras on officers. we have had any number of shootings that have been captured on videotape, that gives us a much more accurate view of what has happened. sometimes contrary to what the police have first reported.
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if i may say they should even be on correction officers in prisons. and i think that's an important movement and we should keep doing it. no one keeps track of the number of cops with body cameras -- >> but when they shoot someone? >> i was going to say, nor is there a national database of how often police officers take a life. >> why not? >> that's a good question. you know this has never come up before. it is now starting to happen and we need it. we need to know the extent of this problem. we need to know the circumstances under which this is happening, and the research capabilityings to try to stop some of this. >> can't police access a national database when it comes to suspects. >> of course. because the local police report it to the fbi. there is no requirement that local police report this to the
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fbi. >> i don't know if we can call up the video again, but when i looked at the video, and i saw the police -- after he had been shot -- i saw police with their knee on top of the suspect. what is -- what happened there? >> so you have a man who has just sold a gun to an undercover. he then flees. so the officers don't know what he has in that backpack. so he is down on the ground. they heard the shot but they don't know whether or not he has been shot so they are maintaining his stability there. >> but he had been shot. >> yeah but at that point i don't know that they knew that. let's give them that. but the question is how did the prosecutors respond, how did they get information out, and how did the local government respond. and this officer learned one of the enduring lessons from ferguson. i mean we already have a charge.
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>> what is a reserve deputy? >> many cities have them. new york city has the auxiliary police. but we don't give them weapons. >> what sort of training? in >> i don't know. and i would like to know. not only training but how often are they out in the street with these two weapons in these very high tense situations where you need sup your judgment. >> i mean it does sound like the deputy says he made a mistake. i'm sorry. >> very spontaneous. i don't think this is a matter of fabrication. he immediately says i'm sorry. the live gives a very high level of excitability to that type of utterance. the video camera is giving the police more scrutiny and accountability. >> thank you very much. police violence was the
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target of protests today in new york. organizers are calling it the march to justice. it began on statton island where eric garner died in this struggle with police last summer. marchers then crossed a bridge into new jersey and expect to arrive in washington on april 21st. now to illinois where a man sentenced to life in prison when he was just a boy could get a second chance. he was 14 when he was convicted in a gang-related double murder. he served 25 years but now a u.s. supreme court ruling has prompted a review of his sentence and scores of others. diane eastabrook is in chicago. diane? >> reporter: hi, john that sentencing hearing -- or resentencing hearing has been going on in the courthouse behind me for more than eight hours today, and the outcome could effect about 80 inmates in illinois convicted as jewel
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nifs or senned a juveniled to life behind bars. he hopes to be a free man after nearly a quarter century behind bars. his sister wants a long family nightmare to end. >> we want this real bad. and 24 years a enough time for somebody to be incarcerated since they was 14 years old. so i'm very hopeful, and he is too. >> reporter: he was 14 when he was sentenced to life without parole for his role in a double murder in 1990. the cook county could release him because of a supreme court ruling calls lifetime sentences on juveniles were unconstitutional. >> i'm always going to have hope, you know that my day will come. >> reporter: davis says trouble
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at home steered him into gang life. he says his mother was a drug addict and his father wasn't around. the prosecutor two helped put him behind bars two days ago wanteds him to stay there, saying davis had a long juvenile record before his sentencing. >> he was a hungry child. he was a follower. he was in desperate need for a sense of belonging. >> he had this positive good-seeming core despite that really horrible background and upbringing. if davis is released from prison he wants to pick up his life where he left off. >> i want to be a kid. i want to get -- i want to do things that i was not able to
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do. >> reporter: now the hearing is expected to finish up tonight, but we really don't know when the judge will make a ruling. john. >> diane what will happen to davis if he is released? where does he go? >> reporter: if he is released he won't be returning home right away. he will be going to a halfway house. >> diane thank you. the pentagon said isil has lost nearly 30% of his territory in northern iraq. here is a look at the territory isil controlled in august of last year. u.s. and coalition air strikes have pushed isil from strategic areas, including area near tikrit sinjar mountain. >> it is still early. this is a long fight. i'm not yet prepared to say the tide of battle has returned but we have unquestionably inflicted damage on isil and have begun
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to push isil back. >> iraq's prime minister meets tomorrow with president obama at the white house. new photographs reveal the role the u.s. is playing in help fight isil. here a u.s. army training instructed an iraqi recruit. in these pictures members of the 82nd airborne division teach soldiers in this the iraqi army. washington spent about $25 billion funding the iraqi army at the height of the iraq war. there were more than 170,000 u.s. forces on the ground. in november president obama ordered 1500 troops to assist in iraq. the pentagon is asking congress for $1.6 billion to support the operation. the u.s. says it is
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concerned by russia's decision to end a ban on selling a sophisticated missile defense system to iran. this comes day after iran reached a deal on the framework on an agreement to curb its nuclear program. >> reporter: john the interim agreement is just ten days old, but already russia is making deals with iran that are causing problems with the administration. the nuclear deal isn't done yet, but russia already plans to sell iran sophisticated military hardware over u.s. objections. >> we don't believe it's constructive at this time for russia to move forward with this. >> reporter: the anti-ballistic missile is designed to shoot down aircraft and in-coming missiles. russia canceled five years ago a after the u.n. imposed sanctions on iran over its nuclear
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program. still the obama administration said the sale would not violate the international sanctions. the russian foreign minister argues that the missile technology is no cause for alarm. >> translator: i want to mark that the anti-missile market complex is of an entirely defensive nature. it will not threaten security of any region including of course israel. >> reporter: the white house said it again today, the military option against iranian nuclear sites is still on the table if iran were to break its agreement and try to build a bomb. but if new russian missile systems were deployed in iran those sites might be harder to hit. israeli prime minister benjamin netenyahu keeps up his campaign to kill the deal. >> iran needs a deal more than
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anyone. instead of making dangerous concessions, now is the time for the international community to fortify its original demands for a better deal. >> reporter: and another potential russian deal with iran a barter of iranian oil for russian goods. >> it is one that could run into some conflict with the sanctions regime we put in place, meaning the united states and the international community. late monday secretary of state secretary kerry arrived on capitol hill on the eve of a vote on whether to approve or reject the deal. the news about russian missiles makes his sales pitch even tougher. >> so we hope congress will listen carefully and ask the questions it wants, but also give us the space and time to be able to complete a very
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difficult task which has high stakes for our country. >> reporter: and so john the question is will all of this difficult with russia and its plans to sell that sophisticated technology and barter for iranian oil, will that throw a monkey wrench into the negotiations. the final deal is june 30th the question comes will this put a wedge between the united states and russia so far the administration is insisting it will not. thank you very much. now to myanmar where foreign dollars are flowing again. political reforms in that country have helped ease international sanctions, but american companies are running into a rampant problem there, child labor. >> u.s. companies need to figure out where in the supply chain there might be child labor, and
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we have heard of cases where companies have found that and had to sell suppliers or subcontractors hey, we can't hire these -- we can't work with you unless you deal with the child labor situation. >> reporter: more than one third of myanmar's children are forced to work. human rights activists hope american companies can change that. roxana saberi is back from myanmar and we'll have her report in about 15 minutes. up next clinton and rubio off and running, a look at the staggering amount of money they will need to raise. global bee populations are in serious trouble and now american beekeepers are hoping the government steps in to regulate the pesticides that may be to blame. i'll explain in a moment.
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the field of 2016 presidential candidates has doubled in the past two days. today florida senator marco rubio made it official. he joins ted cruz and rand paul. rubio is a first generation cuban american. he announced his candidacy at the freedom tower in miami. >> i have heard some suggest that i should step aside and wait my turn. [ crowd shouts no ] >> but i cannot because i believe our very identity as an exceptional nation is at steak,
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and i can make a difference as president. >> he is up for reelection in 2016 he has said he will not seek another term if he is chosen to run for president. hillary clinton posted an announcement video online then she hit the road driving from her home in new york to iowa. she will hold her first campaign event there tomorrow. the cost of a presidential campaign has skyrocketed in recent year. in 2004, bush and kerry spent a total of $695 million. four years later, barack obama and john mccain combined to spend over a billion dollars. by 2012 that amount has more than doubled. the race cost some $2.6 billion. and here is the race in 2016 it is expected to dwarf that.
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some say it could run up a bill of $5 billion. jeanie is a campaign manager at new york university. welcome, jeanie. the price is staggering. >> it is. >> other than to say it is ridiculous -- >> staggering. >> -- what can be done about this? >> the clinton campaign said they are estimating they would like to raise $2.5 billion of that $5 billion. and think about that figure. candidates can talk about real campaign finance reform and yet for the four candidates who have officially declared we have heard nothing about that issue, and likely we won't. because the problem with campaign finance reform is the people in office have very little incentive to change the system they have benefited from. so shame on all of these candidates who are going to go out and raise this kind of money. >> well they won't win
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otherwise. >> they won't win if they don't take the money. and that is the big issue. less than 1% of the population gives to these campaigns. and who do we think is going to have a voice in policy -- >> the people who gave the money. >> exactly. so the vast majority of us who don't have the funds to support a $5 billion campaign are not going to have a voice after 2016. >> what did you think of rubio's speech today? >> i thought he gave a very good speech. he is a good speaker. and jeb bush has come out and said he is going to run, and as they his mentor. and i think that will split some of the donors. but we have a very crowded -- potentially crowded field. >> he wasted no time going after hillary clinton today who
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announced her candidacy over the weekend. >> yes. >> it sounds like this is going to be the focus of many republican candidates. >> absolutely. the day she announces, the rnc has this campaign ad out against hillary clinton? six states jeb bush rand paul ted cruz, and marco rubio. she is going to be under attack because republicans see her as the big threat on the democratic side. the irony is as you know john you look back at 2008 and hillary clinton was held up as everything barack obama wasn't. this wonderful democrat that anybody could embrace because she was everything that barack obama wasn't and yet you come six years later, and she is enemy of the state number one. >> what changed? >> she is running for president. >> but other than that. what changed about those six years? the fact she was secretary of
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state? what else. >> the fact she was secretary of state, but i'm not so certain you can buy that issue. they are going to attack who is on the other side so they are going to attack her. they are going to talk about benghazi they are going to talk about all of the issues from syria and libya, her connections to barack obama, which are going to be a problem for her. >> she is going to attack too, right? and who does she go after in this field? >> this is going to be the question. >> jeb bush. >> there is no real clear front runner. jeb bush is probably the strong strongest front runner at this point. i think we'll hear her on this listening tour. i think she's going to talk about how she wants to control the message, but at some point she is going to have to go on the attack or at least defend herself. >> aren't there some democrats who would like for jeb bush to
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win the nomination because they think hilary can beat him. >> yeah if you compare the bush years to the clinton years many in the united states say we're okay with the way the economy and everything else was during the clinton years, we'll go that route. >> stade rubio was talking about yesterday, but doesn't jeb bush represent yesterday too? >> yeah i was talking to a radio show in new zealand, yesterday, and they were saying is this the united states? you have this kind of monarchy from clinton to bush. and you can absolutely make that case. we are looking towards tomorrow whereas clinton and bush are look backward. >> we'll be watching thank you very much. coming up next the alarming disappearance of bees one possible cause could lead to action from the white house.
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i'm in myanmar. we'll explain how a lot of children as young as 8 in villages like this end up going to the big cities to work and support their families. ♪
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hi everyone this is al jazeera america. i'm john siegenthaler. judgment day, they killed iraqi civilians during the war -- >> at any other point in history, these men would be held up as heros. >> now the security guards learn their faith. lost youth in myanmar. leaving school and childhood behind to find work. hundreds of thousands of children forced from their homes there boko haram. and might for survival new efforts to save the world's bees, and the billion dollars crop they pollinate. it became a symbol of the dangers of putting military power in private hands.
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four officers working for blackwater in iraq opened fire killing 17 civilians. today they were sentenced in the 2007 killings. >> reporter: three of the men were sentenced to 30 years in prison. the sniper who first started fire was sentenced to life. their convoy had been approached the square when a sniper shot at a small white car. he killed an occupants. the car was then blown up in the meantime the others opened fire with their machine guns and grenade launchers. 17 people were killed. several shot in the back. some 20 were seriously injured. all killed were civilians. the four men say they were acting in self-defense and have expressed no reforce or acceptance of responsibility. >> at any other point in history these men would be held up as heros, but instead they are being sentenced for defending
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themselves and their teammates. >> reporter: that's why the department of justice was pushing for a harsh punishment. but it has remained a boom time for military contractors. blackwater is now called academy, which is estimated to have received over a billion dollars in contracts from the state department alone since the shooting. some argue the jailing of the four men does not mean there is sufficient transparency oversight and accountabilitity. >> even those these sentences have been handed down the government won in some novel legal theories. they didn't actually prove their case in terms of individual culpability. >> reporter: and the four men have appealed their convictions. myanmar has been winning some praise for its democratic reforms, economic sanctions
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against the southeast asian country have been eased, and the economy is growing rapidly. but there is a dark side to the growth. high demand for cheap labor, much of it met by child workers. roxana saberi is back from myanmar and joins us with more. >> the u.n. says one third of myanmar's children ages 7 to 16 work. that statistic is a few year's old, but based on what i saw in myanmar, child labor is pervasive. >> reporter: like many mothers in myanmar, this woman faces a dreadful decision to see her family go hungry or send her young children away to work. >> translator: i wanted to go find work in the city so i asked my mom to look after the kids but she didn't want to. there are no jobs for women in the village, and my husband
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doesn't have much of a job. >> reporter: by the time her son turns 12, he may have to leave his school and family in search of work to support them. that's the fate of many children in myanmar. around 600 live here without running water, electricity or well-paying jobs many kids from here end up a 3-hour drive south. with more than 7 million people it's myanmar's largest city as the nation opens up businesses are booming. many are scouring the country for cheap labor. they are finding it in children who sweat, sell and lift. here at the biggest vegetable market i have seen kids as young as 13 who are preparinger will. in terms of child labor, myanmar is ranked one of the worst in the world. >> reporter: in one of the
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thousands of tea shops, we met this boy. since moving here three months ago, he has worked from 6:00 in the morning, to 9:00 at night, for just over a dollar a day every day of the week. he is 12. >> translator: i have sent $70 back to my family so far. >> reporter: could your family survive without you working? do they have enough money? >> translator: it would not be very good. when i don't work sometimes they are all right. but sometimes they are not. it depends on whether my stepfather can find work. he doesn't have a steady job. >> reporter: would you rather go to school or work right now? >> translator: i would rather go to school. >> reporter: in 1951 the country then called burma barred children under 13 from working in shops andfactories. the same law prohibits children working between 14 and 15 from
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working more than four hours a day. the owner of this tea shop insists this is not child labor. for him it's a service to society. >> translator: we don't torture these kids or force them to work. we take them in and give them work so they can support their families and here they have a place to live and eat. >> reporter: do you have kids? >> yeah. >> reporter: how many? >> one. >> reporter: how old is he or she? >> nine, it's a he. >> reporter: when he becomes 12 if he wants to work and not go to school is it okay with you? >> translator: hi's 12 so since he is 12, he needs to keep going to school. >> reporter: but you have some 12 year olds working here so what is the difference? >> reporter: these kids have to work because their families don't have enough money. my son is luckier than them so
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he doesn't need to work yet. >> reporter: five kids work here serve food wash the dishes and then after 15 hours of work they push these tables together and sleep on them. brokers deliver children to employers for a fee. this is a teacher and activist. >> a lot of people use brokers. if they need baby sitters or cooks at their homes, they just call their broker and say, hey, find me one girl, two girls. >> reporter: this person has acted as a broker on a few occasions in addition to her full-time job selling clothes. employers pay her around $10 or nothing at all to find children to work for them. >> translator: come people come and ask for kids to work in their shops. like a fruit juice shop or a housemaid. there are also girls around 15
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who come and ask me for work. i feel sorry for them because they are so young and don't have skills. i think i'm helping them because the kids are very poor and they want a job, and i'm finding them a job. it's the least i can do. >> reporter: we wanted to learn about other brokers. they business is a lot more secretive. our producer heard about a broker living in this apartment building. we went in with a hidden camera posing as clients. they got right to business. negotiating over the broker's commission for finding a 12-year-old housemaid. the broker agrees and asks her to call back in a few weeks. and that's how casually these deals take place. back at the tea shop sow's boss
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is giving him and his friend a day off. what are you looking forward to doing today? >> i'm happy to go. i'll eat and sleep and see my aunts and uncles. and we will talk a lot. >> reporter: back a home his monthly salary goes a long way. >> translator: here in the village rice is very expensive. with sow's money we can pay off the debt we owe for it. >> reporter: do you need your kids to work or do you want them to work? >> translator: it's not that i want them to work. well yes, i want them to because we aren't doing well. if we were going well we wouldn't let them work. >> reporter: sow suddenly started to cry when she finished
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speaking. speaking. >> he wanted to do more. he wanted them to get out of this situation and -- but now he -- he can't fulfill that so that's why he feels sad. >> reporter: a government spokesmen told us he realizes his country has a child labor problem, he blames poverty and says the country needs more economic development but that will take a long time. >> talk about the reaction from myanmar. >> the government officials are considering raising the minimum working age from 13 to 14 which is still pretty low, and they are working with owners to provide the kids that work for them an education. these kid were all over the place, john. you could see them in the markets, tea shops, construction. it is very easy to find them. tomorrow we'll here more about
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the teacher and activist's program that i spoke about in that story. he gives the kids classes, and we'll look at american companies that are investing in myanmar, and we are going to ask are they able to avoid using child labor. >> roxana thank you very much. tomorrow will mark one year since boko haram fighters in nigeria kidnapped more than 200 schoolgirls in borno state. efforts to find the girls since then have been unsuccessful. activists are hoping to keep the issue alive with this hashtag. >> something terrible happened in nigeria, and we should unite and demand for the rescue of those girls. >> many are hoping nigeria's
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recently elected president will do more to find the girls. he'll be sworn in next month. the kidnapped schoolgirls are just some of the young people affected by boko haram's violence. unicef said an estimated 800,000 children have been forced from their homes. >> as the world prepares to commemorate the first anniversary of the abduction of about 200 schoolgirls last year we also need to remember of the 800,000 children who are tonight sleep away from their home because of the violence and the conflict in northeast nigeria and also the neighboring countries. so it's a very precarious humanitarian situation, and worsening. i was in a refugee camp in -- in
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chad, and i was talking to the mothers, and the children who make most of the refugees, and they were telling me the horrific stories and the journey they have been through. many of them have witnessed their parents being killed in front of them some of them have seen their brother and their sister abducted by boko haram, and some of their friends were recruited by the armed group. so it's a very traumatic situation for -- for many of those children and we -- we may disappoint them and unicef is on the ground with a team providing counseling and support. i was impressed by the fact that many of those woman and -- and the children arrived with nothing. they had nothing. they fled in a rush, and when they arrived, we have to provide everything for them. emergency items, life-saving support, and we can call them
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survivors, because they really survived the atrotties, and killings by boko haram. but today their lives are still in danger. they are still at risk not because of boko haram, but because of preventable diseases. so that's why it's very important that humanitarian actors such as unicef and others provide life-saving support, access to drinkable water, and try to improve the precarious condition that most of those refugees live in. but when we started schools, when the schools reopened in the refugee camp we were surprised to see many children were actually interested to go to school and some of them were 17 year old 16 year old children that that was the first time they were going to school. they had never been to school before. so we realized suddenly that the
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nigerian children coming from those areas where they had little access to education may have the opportunity now amid this tragedy, they may have the opportunity to discover what education means for the first time in their life. >> he says the world is paying far too little attention to nigeria's children. families are constantly on the run, literally being hunted by boko haram. now to japan, scientists are using robots to look inside the destroyed fukushima nuclear power plant. images show mangled steal and steam waffling inside. the reactors were destroyed four years ago after a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami swept through the regions. bees all over the world are dying at an alarming rate.
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keepers have reported hive losses of more than 40% a year. no one knows exactly why but scientists are racing to find out. at steak is the future of billions of dollars worth of crops. jake ward reports. ♪ if you look down in there, you'll see there are still bits of nectar and pollen in there. >> something else killed them. >> reporter: jeff andersson is trying to recover from the death of 70% of his stock. part of a worldwide trend. like hundreds of bee keepers around the world. jeff rents his hives to farmers to his bees can pollinate billion dollars crops. >> back in the 70s, it was piece of cake to be a beekeeper. >> reporter: now he is facing trouble. with help from fellow
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beekeepers he is bringing the keys he has left up into the hills to detoxify. this frame is full of honey. and that should be the sign of a well-fed healthy population but these bees died off anyway. and these bees are basically quarantining this. and it's that kind of weird signal that has the keepers so concerned. several blame a new category of pesticide known as neonicotinoid that treats the seeds that farmers buy and that is taken up by the plant from the soil. >> reporter: i think about a plane spraying a whole crop but you are talking about putting it in through the soil. >> yes, and taken up through the roots of the plant and
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transporting it to all parts of the plant. so i what i want to show you here is evidence of this systemic transport. >> reporter: susan has studied the effect of pesticides for more than 20 years. she says there is almost no federal research into their effects on bees. >> we haven't seen any indication that the usda or epa is interested in pursuing it. it's almost as if they wish it would just go away. >> reporter: the white house formed a task force to create a plan for savingbies and the epa says it won't approve any new yoos -- newses on neonicotinoid. u.s. farmers especially those growing big crash crops are using the chemicals widely. in an email, one of the largest manufacturers of neonicotinoid
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argued a lack of genetic diversity, naturally growing pests, and the riggers of the life of a crop being trekked truck to truck would be to blame. it said: with no idea how to keep his bees alive. jeff anderson says the family business may die with him. >> i would like to be optimistic that my kids would choose to do this. it's a necessary business but realistically, it's a really tenuous way to make a living right now. >> reporter: john this is really not just sort of high stakes for the anderson family it's for everybody who enjoys affordable fruits and vegetables on their table. >> what happens if these bees die off? >> well we have actually seen
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it already in a province in china. they have in fact lost their pollination system completely the bees are sort of gone away because of bad plantings and pesticides. as a result people have to hand pollinate their trees, they have to go with hand paint brushes. it is impossible. to imagine doing that here in the united states, that could be a cost of $90 billion here in the united states alone. we cannot do without bees at all. >> jake thank you very much. ? atlanta a judge is urging ten school educators to accept a last minute plea deal. they were convicted of inflating their students scores on standardized examines. >> reporter: this has been described as the biggest cheating scandal in u.s. history, and it really did engulf the entire atlanta public
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school system. 180 employees from 44 different schools in this city were accused of cheating on tests and exams. and what has happened here today is ten of those teachers who decided to go to trial are facing fairly legalthy sentences. on these steps behind me they had a great deal of support. they have been charged with various offenses including racketeering, which could mean they could be sentenced for up to ten to 20 years in jail. at the moment it is looking like that may not happen. and the case will continue on tuesday morning. that's andy gallagher reporting. now to hong kong and a hold new step to limit tourists from mainland china. barbara? >> reporter: john visitors from the chinese region will only be allowed into hong kong once a
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week. it's the closest mainland region to hong kong. tens of millions have made the short trip to capitalize on lower taxes, but people in hong kong have long complained that the influx of shoppers has driven up prices and driven out local businesses. >> reporter: this is definitely going to be an issue for me. i often come here because it is much more convenient for me to buy quality medicines for my family. >> translator: i welcome this policy, because it can free up the streets and more importantly reduce rental prices for shops, so we avoid the situation of hong kong stores only catering to mainland tourists. >> reporter: also is an issue of the number of traders who buy goods in hong kong and sell them in mainland china. >> all right. barbara. thank you.
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coming up next the special effects whit behind "game of thrones," shows us how the magic is made. ♪
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millions watched the season premier last night "a game of thrones." the series unfolds in a fantasy life. in tonight's first person report artist ed bruce explains how they work their cgi magic. ♪ it's very simple, normally what happened on a film of tv show a director has a vision he has an idea and whether it's shooting constraints or the fact that it's something that's doesn't exist, he or she relies
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on visual effects to add that component. and most of the time we would extend an environment, add more billings put a hillside in the background. and the big vision is the thing like the creatures and characters and sci-fis, it really is all about the director's vision. and we're at the stage now where visual effects can almost do anything. i'm on staff as a supervisor and i bring along my coordinators that help me collect everything about the shooting environment, and we go back to the studio and recreate that world digitally. sometimes we have to put things up to represent. so if you do your creature you would need something for that his eye line or lighting of the battle. but most of the time you are shooting on location so you are
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either outside or in streets or in an exterior environment or in intier intier intier -- interior environment. it can be very difficult depending on the components. and more often than that people only see the finished results. and this shows the layers of work we put into it. the first scene is from someone 1. and one steps is how to spread a budget. because of the director's vision is a big tent encampment prebattle, and wanted 10,000 tents and soldiers and we knew we had to replicate. what is really great is when you see a shot that has taken maybe three to four months to develop and it comes together and you
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feel absolutely fantastic. you feel incredibly proud of your achievement. for me one of the big films was jurassic park, where the viewer is taken on a story that is very difficult to tell or really experience or to believe until visual effects came along. this is an art, and it's full of artists, very talented people and what tends to happen is people look at it because it's on computers, and there's that disconnect from having a pencil or paper in your hand. what they are doing is using the computer as a tool. >> "game of thrones" airs sunday at 9:00 on hbo. and now for a picture of the day. those are cherry blossoms with the jefferson memorial in the background. the real show begins next week when the blossoms are in full
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bloom. in that is our program. thank you for watching. i'm john siegenthaler. i'll see you back here tomorrow night. the news continues next with antonio mora and barbara sarah. ♪ a
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>> losing ground in iraq. >> i will say that iraqi security forces along with coalition air power have definitely inflicted some damage on i.s.i.l. >> the u.s.led coalition is having an impact on i.s.i.l. lifting the ban. >> 300 is a defensive weapon, cannot serve