>> announcer: this is al jazeera. hello, this is the newshour live from london. coming up, lift all sanctions. the day a deal is down. iran's supreme leader triggers a tough approach to nuclear deals with world powers. ayatollah khamenei called the sanctions a crime. i'm phil lavelle in paris it's glorious for the tourists
but not the national front. quite the storm for the leader and an outspoken father. find out why, shortly. celebrations as a statue is removed from a statue in south africa. some argue that the past should not be erased. >> and i have all the sport, including how six years after a gun attack on an international team international cricket is set to return to pakistan iran's supreme leader questioned the details of a nuclear deal made with world powers. ayatollah khamenei demanded all sanctions be lifted at the same time any deal with the nuclear programme was concluded. that was not agreed in a framework deal during marathon talks in switzerland. world powers want a gradual introduction. it was hoped the deal will be finalised on 30 june, in yemen
the situation is complicated where iran is accused of backing houthi fighters. thursday secretary of state john kerry said it was unacceptable. khamenei called for the saudi-led air campaign to end, calling it a criminal act. more on that shortly. erica wood on what khamenei's comments mean for the nuclear deal with iran. >> translation: any final approval of iran's nuclear agreement has to come from this man, the supreme leader ayatollah khamenei. the latest comments show there's some way to go before it's a done deal. >> translation: what has been achieved so far does not guarantee a deal and neither do the talks leading up to the deal. it doesn't guarantee the peace talks will continue to the end and lead to a deal. >> reporter: the hardline talk will be disappointing for the
p5+1 parties involved in the marathon the iranian president was part of the negotiation, he, too, is talking tough. >> we will not sign any agreement unless all economic sanctions are lifted at once much on the first day of the implementation of the agreement. >> he has a fine line to walk politically both internationally and at home. so far he's managed to remain popular with conservatives in moderates in iran, and he must convince skeptics of the deal, that his country is not bowing to western pressure. u.s. president obama has to convince his skeptics, mainly in congress. >> and i am convinced that if
this framework leads to a final comprehensive deal, it will make our country, our allies, and our world safer. >> reporter: but the deal has critics, including israel. france and saudi arabia are also cautious. a deal between iran and the west is always going to be about more than just the nuclear issue. it marks a change in relation it marks a change in relation after decades of political hostility. no doubt the next few months will bring more hard bargaining and tough rhetoric before the final deadline on june 30th for more i'm joined by richard luger, former chairman of the foreign relations committee. how difficult is it for united states to convince critics, if iran is speaking out saying that there's no guarantee of a final deal?
obviously the comment are not helpful. at the moment we have to understand that in iran and the united states and elsewhere, there are many critics that negotiations were even beginning to get in the way, apart from they may come to a conclusion. the critics are going to have their say, and, of course it's not until 30 june that it might come to pass. there were outlines of what was agreed upon after the negotiation was completed a few days ago. even there, disagreement to what the outlines were. let me say simply that president obama, and the united states has been trying to work with members of congress to make sure action is not taken to make the deal possible before june 30th, and hopefully the same restraint
will occur, despite rhetoric in iran. i think president hassan rouhani in good faith attempted to negotiate with secretary kerry and the leaders of other nations relatively successfully so far. >> there's a gap on sanctions, because hassan rouhani said iran wouldn't sign an agreement unless all sanctions are listed on the same day, and washington said it would be a gradual process. where does that gap leave a deal do you think? >> the gradual process clearly i think, as to me because there will not be confidence that iran is complying with the agreement that is a reduction of the centrifuges, for example, the movement of people around the places where there is activity the setting up of transparency through inspections,
international inspections. this will take some time. there'll be some trust that iran is cooperating as opposed to hiding what is going on. at the amount - sorry to interrupt you, you mentioned an issue of trust and you talk about congress and the need for trust. is the idea that iran is saying we don't have a deal playing into the hands of critics like israel who say iran shouldn't be trusted in the first place. are you up against a big obstacle with it? >> of course it could be the interpretation. more generously my own feeling is that president hassan rouhani, and others who are negotiating are under pressure in iran. so are those who negotiate on behalf of the united states. now, on 14th of the month, which is a few days away senator bob corker of the foreign relations committee hopes to have a vote on the legislation which
president obama opposes. it's possible president obama will work with secretary kerry and others in which a bipartisan situation won't be an interruption to the deal. some members of congress want to pass more sanctions. the answers to the iranians who thought sanctions would happen immediately would be caused by congress to pass more. there were a lot of people in both camps that do not want a deal at all. those trying to keep hope alive - i'm one of them - i think it's important for the world for this deal to occur. >> richard luker, thank you for your thoughts. appreciate your time. >> thank you we mentioned iran's supreme leader spoke out about yemen, accusing the saudi-led of committing crimes. the u.s. blames iran making it
worse. worse. amid made the war of words, humanitarian conditions on the ground is worse. this report on a battle to get aid in a country of chaos. hashem ahelbarra has this report. >> reporter: these are from the international committee of red cross arriving in the southern yemeni city of aden. the doctors arrived by boat after the trip was approved by the saudi-led coalition. >> it's a mandate of the icfc to take care of the victims of war. for us, as a surgical team, we have the skills and expertise to treat the special type of trauma caused by high-speed bullets and bombs. >> reporter: the united nations chief is concerned about yemen's deteriorating security and humanitarian situation. >> ordinary yemeni families are drugging for the basics - water, food, fuel and medicines. hundreds of civilians have been
killed. hospitals and schools are shutting down, some of which are direct targets of the fighting. >> reporter: the conflict in yemen made life difficult for millions of people. no clean water, electricity is cut most of the time and people have to queue for days to fill their cars. we have been waiting for four days in this queue for gas. today is the fifth day. we are hopeful. due to the air strike, the gas tanks were not able to arrive. we are waiting. we borrowed money for gas, that's because those targetting yemen and the yemeni people. >> reporter: there's discontent across the country. dozens of angry soldiers besieged the central bank of the tiaz saying they have not received salaries since september when the houthis took over the capital sanaa. in aden civilians take cover in the city center, where fighting
continues between houthis backed by soldiers loyal to the by soldiers loyal to the former president saleh, and forces loyal to president abd-rabbu mansour hadi. in the port city of makhar hundreds flee. they have been stranded waiting for the first boat to sail away. those that are lucky board the small boats, headed for eastern africa, leaving behind a country on the verge of a civil war. the saudi-led coalition launched air strikes in yemen, targetting houthi positions, a 2-week air assault has not stopped the rebels backed by former president ali abdullah saleh advancing into aden and other cities. a spokesman for the saudi-led coalition accused houthis of endangering civilian lives. >> translation: i wish to confirm an important piece of ification, that the houthi militia are storing vehicles and
ammunition in residential areas, and with the help of some individuals known to the yemeni authority. the coalition confirms this work will not be ignored and we emphasise this should not happy others these will be destroyed. a journalist and manager of yemen times radio and joins us in the studio. she joins us in the studio here in london. you have family there how are they? >> i have family and friends in aden. the situation is becoming more and more intense, especially in the south in aden with no clean water or trusty and -- electricity, and food a running out. no wheat, no water, no sugar, no rice. yemen imports almost 80% of everything imported from outside - and with ports and
airports closed it's difficult to get food in in addition to medical aid that is needed. >> some aid has come in but it's difficult to distribute. explain what it is why it is difficult to distribute. >> yes, of course. aid coming in is great. 1.6 billion tonnes, and all the big numbers. on the ground it's considered very little. first of all, they have to wait for approvals from the saudis and then they have to also get approvals from the people who are in charge of the ports, houthis. after all this is done getting ships or even cargo planes that will go and fly to a war zone is something difficult. and once the aid is in yemen, transporting it around the
country is difficult. whether you are scared that they might get stopped, you know shelling is happening all the time. there are street fights. it is difficult to get head to the people especially in different cities. >> you work for a radio station. do you have a chance to speak to your colleagues. what is life like for the journalists, can they explain what is going on? >> it's hard. since, make september, but from the beginning of this year 2015 it's more and more intense. at the moment it is hard to speak up. especially if you are - if you are talking about anything regarding houthis. i have many colleagues and a lot of journalists under threat in hideout. we as well as an independent media platform are always under
threat and for security we stopped our transmission today. >> what is your expectation of things calming down in the stuart. -- future. how likely is there to be a diplomatic solution in the future? >> it will be hard to get all of them on one table and negotiate. i think it will be difficult. the houthis are not backing down and as long as they don't back down the saudi and the coalition in general will not as well stop the air strikes. what we really need is just to try and find a temporary solution for the people maybe some camps, refugee camps on the borders of oman or saudi and try to get aid and food into the country at a faster pace. i think this is what the main focus should be at the moment. >> okay. thank you very much for talking
to us. thank you. >> yes still ahead on al jazeera - a french television network is taken off the air after a cyber attack. a group claiming links to i.s.i.l. is to blame. >> i'm paul brennan in england, where the sound of farm machinery could be overtaken by heavy oil and in sport, could tiger woods recover his old augusta magic? moving to syria, and the u.n. secretary-general says the residents of yarmouk are in the deepest circle of hell. 18,000 are inside the camp after fighters from the islamic state of iraq and levant over ran it last week. aid agencies have been calling for a halt to the fighting so
they can reach food and water shortages. >> the yarmouk camp is a circle of hell. after more than two years of siege, 18,000 palestine refugees and syrians are held hostage by d.a.e.s.c.h and other extreme militants. a refugee camp is resembling a death camp. the residents of yarmouk, including 3,500 children are being turned into human shields. russia's foreign minister sergey lavrov is urging party to put an end to the fighting. moscow has been hosting talks. the main opposition is boycotting the meeting. rory challands has more.
>> for the first two days of 4-day talks the opposition groups discussed things among themselves. the government's representative turned up on wednesday when he did, he was handed a document formulated by the opposition and it includes discussions of humanitarian issues and fights against terrorism. against terrorism. what we beleive it doesn't discuss the fate of bashar al-assad, syria's leader. that is important. remember, the syrian national coalition, the main opposition group in syria has been boycotting the talks, seeing the removal of bashar al-assad as a main precondition for any kind of negotiations. but the landscape for syria's opposition groups shifted since the war began nearly five years ago. recently we have seen the rise of islamic state, and this replaced bashar al-assad as the main bogey man in the region for the western government. we have detected a noticeable
softening in the language that the united states uses when it talks about bashar al-assad. the other thing that happened, of course, is the nuclear deal with iran, when sanctions are lifted against iran, this will allow iran to operate more freely as a regional power, supporting its allies, one is bashar al-assad. what is good for bashar al-assad is, of course, bad for syria's opposition. a french television network is trying to restore its service after a cyber attack. a group calling itself cyber caliphate is thought to be behind the hacking. >> reporter: in television a black screen spells disaster. when several french channels went to black on wednesday night producers in this office knew something was wrong. the channels' director says he was shaken, and the problem is
not over. >> it's been a very powerful cyber attack. we have very strong firewalls and that had been checked very recently. they were said to be very safe. >> reporter: this is how seriously the french government is taking the attack. not one, but three ministers spent the morning at tv headquarters, armed police underlying the sense of urgency. >> translation: we have taken measures in order to respond at a technological level, because it's necessary not only to deal with the situation, but to get ahead of what the terrorists in their sick brain might have in mind. >> 11 tv channels were taken off air for a brief period. messages like imif, a reference for islamic state of iraq and levant kept popping up on the network's website and social network's website and social
media pages. on facebook a message read: the so-called cyber caliphate staged a similar online ambush before. at the start of the year it hacked into a twitter feed run by the pentagon. the message to american soldiers said "watch your back." in the newsroom a reminder of an attack on the paris based satirical magazine "charlie hebdo". since then french media has been on high alers. france is part of the coalition fighting i.s.i.l. in iraq. this is a different kind of warfare. and very sophisticated. i'm joined by the network technical, a man that hunts out vulnerabilityies in computer networks. it was sophisticated attacks or a lack of security.
>> some of the words that came out of tv-5 monde indicates that they are not sofist kate with regards to security. the network director said that their firewall is powerful and certified. if that's the only line of defense, it's not surprising that the attack occurred. >> what are they missing? >> well there's all that defense in depth when you try to stop an attacker coming in. when you think about how an attacker gets in they need to gain a foothold. it's done through malware or fishing - sending on email with something enticing to click on. once the malware is established the attacker will look around the network to find the systems that are interesting. it's critical to have monitoring equipment to detect the malware.
>> is it your impression that it is likely to be - they claim it's them - is it likely to be i.s.i.l. and how does the attack compare with the one on the pentagon systems? >> so it's very difficult to have accurate attribution when it comes to hacking. you must remember that the powerful tools that a hacker has in the tool kit is a misdirection and subdefinaling. it could be i.s. or i.s.i.l. there's breadcrumbs across the network indicating so as well as the published things on facebook and the twitter profile. it could be another attacker that has no affiliation or anything to gain from saying it's i.s.i.l. apart from the noter itty of raising the prost. >> if this company is vulnerable and others had these kind of attacks in the past presumably
anything else and if so what is it that people need to start doing in a hurry so they are not the next victims? >> so many organizations are vulnerable to cyber attack. there has been a hope that people will not get breached. hope is not a strategy. people need to come up with a way of addressing the needs. the first step to gaining control of security is understanding what you have within the network first. if you don't know what you have how can you design the appropriate controls. >> what do you know if you don't know what you have. you are saying the people in charge are not technically savvy enough. >> not necessarily, they don't understand what assets servers, desk tops within the infrastructure they have. things have changed in the last 10-15 years. before we had a small amount of systems that didn't change much on the network. now everyone in the network has multiple devices, there's
virtualisation making it easy to start up the system. we are seeing a growth rate of systems, and it's difficult to keep track of those. if i don't know what i have i can't design the controls to protect it. once i understand it i need the appropriate controls to be put in place and monitor it to understand when something has changed. >> thank you. >> thank you. now, south africa's cape town university bowed to student pressure and removed a statue of a british colonialist. many said it was a symbol of white supremist. sue turton reports. >> reporter: an unceremonial end to cecil rhodes, as his statue was removed from the university for safekeeping after weeks of protest led to a vote for its removal. most of the students were born after the fall of apartheid. to them this british colonialist represents a university system
failing to decolonize or embrace african knowledge. >> is the university trying to protect itself or funding or is it not interested in integrating into the greater conflict of redressing and transforming decolonizing, it's a >> reporter: similar protests targeted the president kruger's statue and the war memorial in pretoria, with a countering demonstration at the afrikaans museum. other effigies of british going george v and the prime minister boffa have been defaced. in the vaults of the heritage foundation in pretoria row after row of artworks from afrikaans history. busts and paintings removed, that the curator is committed to protecting as she believes they hold historical significance. we have to cherish the diversity
of the culture. it will take a while. i hope they are not thinking by demolishing or scrapping evidence of the past that erases the past. you can't. we are all the products of centuries of predecessors, and what they did and accomplished. >> reporter: the final destination for cecil rhodes statue is up to the south african government. the zimbabwean president on a state visit said he had decided against removing cecil rhodes remains from his grave in case the spirit rises. still to come this newshour - i'm catherine wambua-soi at a check point in garissa. i look into why kenya somalis feel alienated by the government why the future is looking
brighter for afghanistan's student with more girls enrolling in schools. in sport, why six years after the attack international cricket is returning to pakistan. >> go one on one with america's movers and shakers. >> we will be able to see change. >> gripping. inspiring. entertaining. talk to al jazeera. only on al jazeera america.
[office phone chatter] [frogs croaking] you know what, let me call you back. what are you doing?! [scream] [frogs croaking] [yelling and screaming] it's back! xfinity watchathon week. the biggest week in television history. it's your all-access binge-watching pass to tv's hottest shows, free with xfinity on demand. xfinity watchathon week. now through april 12th. perfect for people who really love tv.
>> monday - a climate emergency. >> those species could not be here in 10 years. >> nasa steps in to help protect the future of the planet. >> the tropics regulate our climate. >> techknow heads to costa rica to see how one rainforest is fighting back. >> wow! some of these are amazing. >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> this is my selfie, what can you tell me about my future? >> can affect and surprise us. >> don't try this at home. >> "techknow" - where technology meets humanity. monday, 6:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america. >> part of al jazeera america's >> special month long evironmental focus fragile planet
hello, a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera - iran's supreme leader ayatollah khamenei says last week's nuclear accord with world powers is not a guarantee of a final deal, and all sanctions must be lifted immediately once the deal is agreed. ayatollah khamenei has been speaking out against the saudi-led air strikes in yemen, calling them a crime and urged a halt in the fighting and peace talks to begin the u.s. secretary-general described the situation inside a palestinian refugee camp in damascus as a circle of hell. children are being used as human shields after i.s.i.l. fighters over ran it last week says ban ki-moon greece made a repayment of $500 million to the international monetary fund. that means it owes $24.5 billion
to the i.m.f. it must repay under $350 billion. the largest amount $141 billion is owed to an organization set up to help countries with the financial crisis. barnaby phillips has been following developments from athens. >> reporter: greece will owe money to the imf in weeks to come. it's living a hand to mouth existence. scraping together money to pay pensions and salaries to civil servants. it needs a lasting agreement with other european partners. that looks increasingly difficult because of the suspicion that has grown up over the previous weeks between the administration and other governments. we saw irritation across europe
over alexis tsipras going to moscow, and saying there that greece did not support the e.u. sanctions against russia over its alleged military involvement in the ukraine. i don't think it went down at all. there has been a disagreement between greece and germany with greece saying that germany owed it money for reparations in return for the nazi occupation dating back to the 1940s. all is making it difficult for the greek government and the european union to finalise an agreement a man on trial for bankruptcy shot dead a judge, lawyer and codefendant at a caught in milan. he shot the judge in his office and the lawyer and codefendant in the courtroom. police arrested him in a town north of the city after the incident two of france's controversial politicians had a
public falling out. marine le pen, leader of the national front is blocking her father, the former boss running for a key political roll. she said his outbursts are damaging not just her, but the party he founded. from paris, phil lavelle reports. >> reporter: she was his vocal supporter, or was. john le penn was straight to be president at one point. his daughter marine le pen by his side. now she is leader. john le pen outspoken remarks too much for her. marine le pen will block him from running as leader of one of france's regions, and she wants to distance herself from him. . >> i think that deep down john ley penn needs to show wisdom and accept the consequences of the turmoil he created and give up his responsibilities.
>> they do not share the same ideology, and they do not belong the same generation, and there's an internal fight within the party as to whether the founder, john le pen should remain or not. >> it's a fight that many have seen coming. john's outbursts are more and more uncomfortable... more uncomfortable...describing the nazi gas chambers as a detail of history, praising a war time leader that collaborated with the nazis, and question spanish-born primi minister's loyalty to france. the daughter's response: queue defiance from dad who: leading to a move from her to call a meeting with the party's
executive bureau to: for marine le pen the goal has been to convince vote theirs her party is the very embodiment of what it means to be french. take joan of arc, they adopted her as a symbol. the feeling is that that kind of history helps, it's the more recent history that is a hindrance. notably john le pen's musings on various subjects, which is why his opinions are not required or wanted when it comes to his own daughter. national front may be, united front - not for that family, not at the moment oil prospectors found indications of a multi billion oil field in the green hills of southern england. estimates predicted moderate
amounts for the wheel basin. now an investment company claims there could be $100 billion barrels in the area. >> reporter: the rolling countryside of england's southern counties is as far away as you can get from the typical image of an oilfield. analysis of test drilling has parked talk of a bonanza, black goals among the fields. it's operated by u.k. gas and field industries. >> it's like a huge sponge, 1,500 feet thick with vast amounts of oil and limestone that you could suck out the oil with a sponge. >> reporter: the wheel basin covers a large area the latest focuses on horse hill one 2 miles north of kat wick airport. the oil company claims by digging deeper it has found new data indicating the possibility of massive oil returns.
yukon says as much as 100 million barrels might be down there. >> it's important to look at what the company is saying in the statement, and it's peppered with caveats, talking about drilling work producing estimates, saying there needs to be ongoing analysis, and possible world class, potential sentence. what is clear is that nobody really knows how much oil is here. that didn't stop the share price rocketing on thursday, up more than 400% at one point. just a year ago independent scientists from the british geological survey estimated there was 4.4 billion barrels, and there is skepticism about whether predictions of $100 billion barrels are realistic and achievable. . >> it's on when you can
demonstrate that the oil can get to the surface at flow rates that are commercial. >> reporter: environment groups and local residents are horrified at a frenzy of prospecting. this will go on 24 hours a day. we had a lot of disruption. >> reporter: the confusion over data is understandable. if accurate it is a recent discovery. until analysis is completed. talk of a bonanza of black gold, until then, is speculation. president obama is preparing to fly to panama where he'll join other regional leaders for the summit of the americas. all eyes will be on a meeting with raul castro, cuban leader. before it started there has been clashes.
>> reporter: shouting matches. matches.and squirmishes. a warm-up for the much anticipated handshake between u.s. president barack obama and cuban leader raul castro former u.s. president bill clinton praised cuba's presence calling it a move to reconciliation cuban government supporters chanted anti-u.s. slogans, like echos of the cold war. they had pulled out from a social forum after dissidents described as mercenaries were allowed to attend. >> this is a theatrical farce where they thing enemies will talk. >> reporter: two opponents had been invited. in part under washington's insistence. >> in the next few days leaders of the americas will be able to
show courage, to support and hold free and multi-party elections in cuba. >> reporter: for the first time since it was expelled from the family of americas, 53 years ago communist cuba has been invited to sit at the same table as the united states, an invitation issued by panama's host and president. >> there are just two places and all countries share a commonplace. that is panama. a country uniting people. >> reporter: this was more than a personal decision. inviting cuba was a regional ultimatum by president obama, issued by latin american anc caribbean peers. >> this is a first step by the obama administration to show
vary willingness to have a cordial relation with latin america. president obama hoped to announce the establishment of full diplomatic relations with cuba ahead of the summit. allowing cuba into the fold is a guesture of enlightened self-interest, helping washington recover lost clout at a time when china is making unprecedented inroads in what was considered the backyard of the united states. the united states. while the ideological divide between cuba and the united states is enormous, a gathering of all the neighbours of the americas for the first time represents more than a photo opportunity lucia joins us live from the summit in panama city. are we closer to cuba being removed from the listed states as sponsor of terror. >> we will not get under way until about midday on friday.
in answer to your question steps are being taken, one to be announced at the summit itself and that is the administration's decision to lift or to take cuba out off the list of countries that allegedly promote terrorism. this was a demand made by the government in order to renew normal diplomatic relations with the united states something that president obama, as i said had been want toinging to announce at the summit. >> what about relations between the u.s. and venezuela in. >> while the united states is getting closer to cuba it's further away from venezuela. that is a sticking point at the summit. 24 latin american americans wrote a letter demanding respect to human rights and releasing
prisoners, others at the sum out... >> okay. we have lost lucia newman there. we'll leave it there. sorry about the break up in the sound. lucia newman there in panama city. now, it's been 15 years since 164 countries agreed to improve access to education, a report says one-third succeeded. one is afghanistan. which is considered to be among the worst places for schooling after decades of civil war. education detear rated after the taliban took control. no girls were allowed in secondary school 4% attended primary school. things have proved since the taliban was ousted. by 2012 afghanistan made the fastest progress of any country towards gender equality with 87% of girls in primary schools. many afghan children are keen to learn. moving to higher levels remains a challenge. jennifer glasse has that report
from kabul. >> reporter: morning assembly at this school shows how far afghanistan has come. in 2002, there were 37 students here. now there are more than 3,000. nearly half of them girls. this person founded the school. 13 years ago he went door to door to convince parents to educate their sons and daughter. >> my students are practicing the freedom of talk and expression and freedom of the world. they are interacting with families in a good way. that is with the support of the community. >> the community spirit is obvious here. there's an elected council and committee to maintain discipline. in the classroom there's a hunger for learning.
>> it's important in this time in this world that we should learn education, because if you don't have education, we cannot improve our life or our country. >> in gender parity afghanistan made the fastest progress of any country in the world and has bun of biggest increases in enrolment. the 7-fold increase in enrolment in primary school has created problems. afghanistan doesn't have enough qualified teachers or classrooms, some study in shifts. for those that graduate high school, getting into university is not guaranteed. 270,000 students are competing for 130,000 higher education spots. the exam process has been tainted by allegations of bribery and cheating. the tests were cancelled in several areas, because officials believe it couldn't be properly administered. >> translation: we want the government to build more universities and tackle corruption. >> afghanistan's education officials say they are aware of the shortcomings, and are working to correct the problems.
they say for a country that endured decades of conflict in education, afghanistan is doing well. 24 people have been killed in bangladesh after a bus veered off the road into trees. 22 people were injured in the accident. passengers say the driver of the overnight bus lost control. they were travelling from the capital. it's estimated that 12,000 die each year in road accidents in bangladesh an uneasy relationship between locals and authorities in kenya's north-east made for a difficult fight. the group is responsible for killing 147 people at garissa a week ago. how willing are people to provide authorities with information ahead of an attack. some are feel alienated.
>> reporter: muslim clerics meet to condemn an attack at the university. they talk about peace and the need to expose fighters hiding here. many people are two afraid to give information to the government. i met clan elders who told me why. >> translation: i won't give information to police. they arrested me saying i'm al-shabab. how do you expect people to give information if they feel they'll be victimized. somali's accuse the police of targetting them in crackdown. >> reporter: this is the main market in 2012 when three soldiers were killed by unidentified gunmen outside. there was a government crackdown, and this market was burned to the ground by soldiers and they believe the gunmen passed through here and blamed the traders for it.
this person was shot in the raid and it took her two months to rebuild her store. bud longer for the wounds to heel. now a dusk to dawn curfew is in place, and now people are complaining of arbitrary arrests. this man's relative was arrested in a raid. they haven't seen him since. >> we have reported to police and we are looking for him. garissa's county commissioner in charge of security told us his priority is to win over people here. >> we have religious leadership which is more important. they have promised. to me that gives me an
opportunity to really get into the people. >> reporter: he says somali irrespective of where they come from must be screened. at this checkpoint the police do that, they check documents and fingerprints. this is one of many roadblocks set up all the way from the border 800km away to nairobi. some travellers don't mind the checks, but they have a problem with what they see as racial profiling. and a bribe they sometimes have to pay. still to come - they've been running for two days was it all downhill in the latest stage of morocco's extreme marathon. find out with joe, in sport.
time for the sport with jo. thank you so much. the world's top golfers are coppingcop copping coming to the end of the opening round of the masters, this event at augusta. rory mcilroy is aiming for a grand slam. five golfers have won all four, one it tiger woods, and there's interest in his comeback from injury. he has not played for two months and dropped out of the world's top 100. both tiger and rory have been upstaged by 21 year-old jordan spieth in the opening round, and he is challenging a lowest ever score in the masters, the score
is 8-under par 63. he is now at 7-under with three holes left to play. ernie els is in a group two shots further back. rory mcilroy could go one under par, and tiger is still on the course at 1-over international cricket is set to return to pakistan for the first time in more than six years. zimbabwe have agreed to take part in a 5-match one-day series next month to be played in lahore and karachi. foreign teams refused to tour pakistan since the team bus was attacked by gunmen in lahore in 2009. pakistan has been forced to play scheduled home fixtures in the united arab emirates, but the security situation improved since the military operation against the taliban controversial england cricketer kevin pieterson is making a set to start his international career.
he refused a place in the he refused a place in the indian premier league team. he was sacked after criticizing management and team-mates in an audio biography. surrey believes if he played well, pietersen can earn a recall. ibrahimo vich is about to find out his punishment for an outburst after a match last month. a disciplinary commission has been meeting to discuss the incident after a team's defeat in bordo the swedish international criticised the french league and france as a nation. he publicly apologised the next day but could be given up to a 5-match ban it's an eagerly awaited third round of formula 1 season in shanghai, where the drivers are preparing for a first practice. lewis hamilton, defending world champion, is in top form. he dominated qualifying in the
two races so far, winning the season-opening australian grand prix. sebastien vettel is looking to pull off a surprise after a shock victory in the malaysian grand prix two weeks ago. >> the team has not won for quite a while, so i think they enjoy the fact they have something to celebrate. there's a couple of rituals there's a couple of rituals as well involved. it was nice for them to get that feeling again. for the next races nothing has changed. we want to confirm we have a strong package and car and stay ahead of the people we stayed ahead of in the last couple of races. the owner of vettel's former team, red bull, threatened to pull out if it can't get a better engine. they team had a difficult start relationship with renault, and
over the years we have seen sons of formula 1 drivers emulate their father's achievements with degrees of success. the son of the greatest driver history, michael schumacher, is hoping to step into the racing line light. 16-year-old mick schumacher has the biggest shoes to feel, with his father winning seven world titles. he stepped in a formula 4 car and makes a debut, after switching up from cart racing, where he was runner in the world, european and german championships. >> translation: from my point of view, obviously i must ask that people don't set their expectations too high. this is clearly an entry-level year for mick.
it's the first year he made the transition from cart racing to formula racing. during this year he'll gain new experience, and at the same time he'll obviously do all he can do to produce the best results. i would like to ask for some restraint so he can achieve the results now, it's been a gruelling 36 hours, but competitors completed the longest ever sage at the marathon des sables. day 2 of the 91.7km stage brought desert heat and withdrawals from the field as the runners continued to the finish line. a moroccan is the leader, and there's two more stages left that's the sport for now thank you for that. plenty more on the website. the address is aljazeera.com. that's it from me this newshour. i'll be back in a moment with
lift all sanctions the day the deal is done. iran's supreme leader calls for tougher negotiations on iran's nuclear deal between the world powers. also coming up queues across cities in yemen has necessities wear out. aid groups warn of a humanitarian disaster celebration as a controversial statue is removed from a campus in south africa plus