in ferguson >> they were so angry because it could have been them >> fault lines ferguson: race and justice in the u.s. one hour special only on al jazeera america . >> success against i.s.i.l. setbacks in yemen crucial developments during president obama's visit overseas anti-austerity - greece chooses a new government. what the changes could mean for europe's economy and here in the u.s. securing the tries. an unmanned quad-copter crashes to the white house lawn. the dangers of a new technology and a blizzard closing highways and mass transit for tens of millions.
thousands of flights grouped - and the -- grounded and the worst is yet to come. this is al jazeera america, live from new york city. i'm tony harris. we'll have more on the storm. first, we'll begin with the battle of i.s.i.l. syrian kurds say i.s.i.l. no longer controls the strategic city of kobane. kurdish forces hold 90% of the city. located on the turkish-syrian border kobane was an unofficial front line. thousands of kurdish peshmerga soldiers took on the group. retaking the city came at a great cos. -- cost nick schifrin has the report. >> reporter: for four months kobane was the u.s. number one
target. 1,000 air strikes or bombs on kobane than all other syrian cities combined as the u.s. made it a top priority so did i.s.i.l. tanks and other heavy weapons pummelled kobane. the city looked like it may fall at one point. >> kurdish fighters held on. with the help of u.s. air strikes and weapons, kobane has been turned into a major victory against i.s.i.l. >> there's smoke in the distance. this is kobane. >> reporter: we visited the turkish side of the border last week. through the turkish military binoculars, we watched the fighters and saw some mortar strikes puff in the distance. >> what is the threat from kobane today? >> we took necessary measures to prevent threats from across the border. >> the turkish military is based here. the u.s. military focus is an
accident of geography. the city is not important strategically. u.s. officials felt pressured to save it in part because of the media. dozens of cameras filled kobane. where the cameras are not able to go safely the war in syria is not going well. in a 36 hour period the syrian air force dropped the sax number of bombs the u.s. -- same number of bombs the u.s. dropped in a month. many cannister bombs filled with gasoline and explosives - destroying entire neighbourhoods. aleppo is an historic strong hold of the u.s.-backed opposition. today, a city of 2 million was no more than a few hundred thousand. that means aleppo fighters supposed to take on i.s.i.l. were too busy. aleppo was more important than kobane accusing the u.s. of hitting the wrong target.
the u.s. may have won a battle. it's not clear if it's winning the war people in northern iraq are dealing with a new threat. a militia formed by a minority group known as the yazidi. yazidi fighters launched attacks near the syrian border yesterday. they say 16 were killed and dozens captured. these appear to be the first revenge attacks by the yazidi a group that repeatedly have been targeted by i.s.i.l. because of their faith. the u.s. embassy in yemen shut its doors to the public after days of political unrest. houthi rebels have been in control of the capital for the past week. the president resigned refusing to cut a deal. the state department has not evacuated the embassy, but says it closed doors until further notice. president obama is in india after dining with the prime minister. the white house attention is on the next leg of the mission.
saudi arabia the president drafts to riyadh to pay respects to the late king abdullah. mike viqueira is at the white house. the president is not the only one travelling to saudi arabia since the death of king abdullah. what is happening there? >> that's right. it's a measure of the economic and strategic importance of saudi arabia that there is a stream of foreign dignitaries travelling to iraq paying respects to king abdullah who passed away last week and to the new king. king salman. the prince of japan arrived there. japan is a country dependent on foreign oil and saudi arabia is the largest exporter of crude oil in the world. also the president of venezuela, president nicolas maduro arrived in riyadh a member - leader of an o.p.e.c. nation an oil producer. of vital interest. president obama, as you
mentioned, cutting short a visit to the taj mahal in india. that was to be day three. he himself, the white house changing course after saying vice president joe biden would attend. now, president obama making the trip from india to riyadh to pay respects to the saudi arabia royal family to help ensure sa smooth transition and keep smooth relations with the united states. >> yes, but this will not just be a cop dollance call for -- condolence call for president obama, what else is on the agenda? >> there's so much. in march 2014 president obama was compelled to make a trip to riyadh to hit with king abdullah in his desert compound made of tents. it was after a trip to europe. saudis were upset with the policies towards syria and want a stronger posture against bashar al-assad.
they want to transfer u.s.-made weapons to the rebels fighting the regime. the united states will not let them do that. they are concerned about secret talks between the united states in iran leading to the secret talks. that is something that saudi arabia is apprehensive about. iran is a rival of - regional rival of saudi arabia. in yemen, in chaos now, as the houthi rebels have taken control of the capital. a host of issues. we have not talked about energy production in the oil industry. >> thank you. greece has a new prime minister sworn in in less than 24 hours after his far left party won the general election. a new name to learn. alexis tsipras. he has already formed a coalition government with right-wing independence. together they plan to run an anti-austerity government. barnaby phillips has the report from athens. >> reporter: he chose to be
sworn in without a priest from the greek orthodox church. a break with tradition showing how alexis tsipras is leading a social and political resolution. he is 40 years old. the youngest prime minister in modern times. he's also the fifth greek prime minister since 2009. economic chaos has made for tush u leapt politics -- turbulent politics. earlier a right wing party formed a government with syriza. they don't have much in common except for a determination to reject austerity policies imposed on greece. it's a new political landscape. the old guard swept away. a time of inspection and fear of what comes next. >> here in the greek parliament the new coalition should have a stable majority. at least for the time being. but the really difficult negotiations for mr alexis tsipras lay ahead. they will be with other european
governments, with the european central bank and the i.m.f. >> for greece's private sector a far-left victory could be construed as bad news. at the chamber of commerce they say greece must reach an amicable agreement with europe. >> it is clear we are part of the european union, the eurozone, and the greek people suffered to become members of both. i don't think they want to throw away the evidence and the sacrifices that they endured over 4.5 years to be members of the european club. >> syriza believes it can reset the course of european politics and greece will lead the way in rolling back the economic orthodoxy of austerity. it wants a large part of debt 320 billion euros in total, to be forgiven. the european countries that
leant money say it must stand by its commitments. >> syriza has to reach an agreement with greece's eurozone partners. at the moment they are taking diametrically opposed conditions. lowering of stimulus fiscal targets - the eurozone is saying know. there'll have to be a compromise, at least in the short term. >> reporter: a compromise is in everyone said interests. there's not much time to play with. syriza says greece has the funds to survive until the summer. experts believe greece will need to borrow money before then. >> a professor focussing on the politics of the european union, and lives in philadelphia - good to see you, professor. we are talking about the fifth greek prime minister since 2009. why is mr alexis tsipras going
to be any more successful particularly in in time of austerity than the rest? >> unfortunately, i don't think he will be. he's promised a lot to the voters. he has said he will get the creditors to forgive some of the debt and programs closed put up by the troika. i don't think he'll be successful. >> why don't you think he'll be successful? >> first of all, the other member states were the main lenders of the european union, and european central bank indicated that they are not willing to budge on the conditions attached to the bailout money. and are sending a strong signal. if you look at what happened in recent weeks despite a victory in recent weeks and months alexis tsipras has been moderating his stance a bit,
trying to sound less scary. a lot of creditors have tape a hard line on this. >> the european central bank announcing qe right. >> yes. >> is there a chance - what happens with greek bonds, do you think, moving forward. >> well that's a risk. most of the greek debt is not held by private investors, there's some of it. most is held by the public sectors like the european central bank or the bail out funds. ultimately by other european governments, and they don't - they want to be paid. let's put it that way. sometimes you can give a hair cut to private sector bond holders, but you can't give a hair cut to the european central bank. you are saying that he's moderating his position a little bit. i'm curious as to what you think he does do.
what does recommending the e.u.'s austerity programme look like. are we talking about negotiating with other european governments, central bank the imf. what does it look like? >> he wants to net with the other governments. he said that the troika this combination of the european central bank i.m.f. european commission which has been imposing detailed conditions and guiding greek fiscal policy. he doesn't want to talk to them but wants to talk to other governments and net a -- and negotiate a better deal. if he doesn't adhere to conditions greece could be cut off from financing, and the government could run out of money to pay debts, lose access. >> by the summer. is it possible by the summer. >> yes, sooner. in the spring. >> by march, and, in fact, the - you know the other real deeper
is that greek banks would lose access to the european central bank as a lender of last resort. if greece is not part of a package, and not following the conditions, the european central bank will cut them off. and you'll potentially have a collapse of the greek banking center. he talks a big game but alexis tsipras wants to avoid that. at the end of the day greek voters do not want to leave the euro they want to stay in the common currency. anything concerning about what is said by the new prime minister and what the e.u. may do in response that should be scoerning -- concerning to the united states and this economy. >> greece was infer a huge concern because it's a relatively small country. the big concern is the ripple effect. the e.u. over the past few years, quietly and step by step in a messy fashion has put
together a number of institutions and new mechanisms to protect against the damaging spil overs that could happen if one country defaults. the e.u. is in a better position to handle a greek default than it was a couple of years ago. >> appreciate it. daniel is a professor of political science the north-east - wow - is getting blasted by a potentially historic snow storm. it is affecting tens of millions of people from pennsylvania to maine. most of the area is under a state of emergency, kevin is tracking it. we are talking about feet not inches here. >> absolutely potentially over 3 feet of snow. not necessarily here in new york city no. >> okay. >> we didn't have a good handle on the storm last friday. it came together as it went through the weekend. let me tell you what happened. there was a system coming off the northern plains across the great lakes, and now, if you
look off the coast, we have develop. this is going to be our nor-easter that will be moving up the coast, and, of course it's been snowing across much of the north-east pretty much since the morning time frame. it hasn't been heavy until the last couple of hours. new york city - we are seeing heavy snow. some locations 12 inches. the big places that we'll watch, though is new york city. it will be connecticut. it's going to be up towards massachusetts. the majority of this most dangerous situation. what it means is we are going to see heavy snow winds over 35 miles per hour. and this is dropping below a quarter of a mile. that is why most of these states have - are stopping traffic, are putting limitations later on this evening, because anywhere here the corridor it is
extremely dangerous. i think they are doing a great job. >> you are back later in the program for an update. >> connecticut is a state under emergency. travel restrictions have been imposed. 100,000 are at risk of losing power. paul beban is in new haven, connecticut for us. describe what you see. >> as you said earlier the entire north-east is getting blasted. we are on top of the parking garage on top of new haven's union station. over on my left the railroad tracks which would be jammed and busy - trains are already cancelled. late trains to boston are cancelled. late trains south to new york are cancel. late trains coming out of the city are cancelled.
things are slowing down. we see a lot of people running for the last train station in the evening, when we arrived here. in the significance you see where it's dark i-95, a busy highway, is virtually empty already, ahead of a travel ban that you and kevin both mentioned in a couple of hours. all cars for nolle prosequi essential travel off the road throughout the state of connecticut. it's hard to imagine why, short of an emergency, you would want to come out in the weather. they are expecting hurricane-force winds along the coast, flood damage. as mentioned, possible power outages to as many as 100,000 people. governor dan malloy warping if the power goes out. people should be prepared for it to go out for days. it will be difficult to get to the lines. if they go down. and power crews expected to be busy. let's listen to what else the government had to say about the
conditions. >> this is potentially a dangerous storm with significant accumulation of snow wind and coastal blotting. it's imperative you have a plan in place to get home before the heavy snow begins and remain there through the duration of the storm. >> tony as you hear the word here in connecticut is get home stay home bundle up hunker down and ride it out. one note out of hardford north of here there's a professional wrestling event scheduled that as of a few minutes ago were scheduled to go on. i don't follow professional wrestling close enough but as important a contributor as it is to comedy it's important that people get home and stay safe on the home. the word in connecticut, get home stay home and wait for it to blow through. >> paul beban live from new haven. >> russia's credit has jump
the republican presidential race got off to an unofficial start at the iowa summit. christina, rick perry were among the hopefuls. making the case for the conservatives. they spent a lot of time as you can imagine, criticizing president obama. michael shure, political correspondent, is life for us. what is the freedom summit? who organises it? what is it about?
>> it was organised by citizens united. i think you heard of them and steve king the congressman from iowa, the conservative congressman from iowa was looked at as a kick-off to the 2016 election getting all the conservatives to iowa and activists from the 99 countries in iowa together in des moines to hear them out. >> tell us about the memberable moments. i understand there's a few. who were the big winners and losers. >> the big winners in this correspondent's opinion, were the people that did not show up there. mitt romney didn't go marco rubio didn't go among others. in fact the people that were there, i would say scott walker came away as impressive. what he does that a lot don't know is he can talk the conservativelingo and put himself in with the mad rate or
centralist republican establishments. scott walker was quite good. the wisconsin governor. sarah palin gave a stem wiper leaving a lot -- stem winder leaving a lot curious as to what she was talking about. it was a place for the conservatives to sit down and carve out who was going to get that slice of the pie in iowa. >> after the weekend are we closer to knowing who will run in 2016? >> only because the "wall street journal" let us know that christina is forming a political action committee. the first concrete news of that. who will win, no. mike huckabee and ted cruz put their feet in the soil in iowa saying we are going to fight for the same voter. >> michael shure for us in iowa
three russian citizens have been charged and accused of being part of a spy ring in the united states. one picture is in custody, arrested while working at the manhattan offices of a russian bank. sanctions against russia appear to be taking their toll on the nation's economy. for the first time in a decade russia's credit rating has been downgraded to junk status. ali velshi has more on that for us. >> credit rating agency standard&poor downgraded russia's credit rating to junk status another go blow to russia. they stated: that's the reason for waiting a few months after everywhere else figured it tout get this right. the -- fightured it out to get
this right. international sanctions on russia were keeping investors away from russia to begin with since last year russia's currency fell 45% against the dollar. the price of oil, which funds half of russia's state budget fell by 50%, and russia's economy is mired in recession. the financial and economic pressures are not softening russia's support for rebels in ukraine. renewed fighting broke out when pro-russian rebels attacked government forces in the port city of mariupol. the west slapped sanctions on russia to pressure vladimir putin into backing off in ukraine. it hasn't worked. drops in oil has done more damage to the russian economy than the sanctions. this credit doup grade is a blow not unaffected unclear what the final effect will be.
welcome back everyone to al jazeera america. the secret service is investigating another white house security breach. a small drone aircraft was spotted earlier flying low and crashing on the white house grounds. we now know it is the kind of drone that almost anyone can buy. lisa stark is at the white house for us. what happened here please? >> well tony after three in the morning an officer at the
white house heard and saw the drone skimming over the lawn. we actually have a picture of it. it's called a quad-chopper and is about 2 feet not too big, but caused a stir. it crashed behind the white house in the south-east corner of the property. the service said it sounded an alert and gee gan searching the area. the search continued into the morning locking for pieces of this drone. the president - and mrs. obama, were not here. they are in india, and that was where the white house spokesman was asked about the incident. >> there is a device that has been recovered by the secret service by the white house. early indications are that it is not an ongoing threat to anyone at the white house. of course security is a big concern, it's been such a big concern over the last six months or so.
since omar gonzalez jumped the fence and got into the white house. now, the person flying the drone, apparently has come forward, identified himself to the secret service, said he was doing this recreationally and lost contact with the drone. the secret service says he's cooperating fully. as you can imagine the investigation is continuing. >> opening, does this crash open up a new area of concern for the secret service? >> i don't see how it can't. anything that breaches the security perimeter is of concern. it is actually illegal to fly the drones in the air space. there are a lot of restrictions over washington. since 9/11. brian windhas set up an association for unmanned vehicles putting up a statement saying the incident represents a clear misuse of u.a.e.
technology flying any airhouse around the white house is: now, we should mention last week the house held a hearing on drones and got a little first-hand demonstration, because they want the f.a.a. to get going with long-overdue regulations allowing a commercial use of drones. they are virtually banned in the united states. today, everyone i spoke with said that effort needs to go forward. meantime the secret service trying to figure out how to make sure this does not happen again. >> that is crazy, we had a video of a drone flying around in the house hearing room. that's crazy. >> absolutely. >> lisa stark at the white house. thank you our science and technology correspondent jake ward joins us from san francisco. take a moment and talk about the drone used in the latest security breach for us please.
>> it does not take a military expert to fly this an idiot like me can open a d.j. i phantom. it's a first generation a cheap drone that you would buy, costing shy of $500. it can only carry a couple of pounds. it's intended to carry a camera. it's not clear whether the one that breached the white house grounds was carrying a camera. this one is designed for enthusiasts, dummies like me to float around with it. it can only fly a certain distance and the secret service is not saying how it is that this crashed, but it's probably because the g.p.s. system on board was jammed by something on the white house grounds. it's something that can about used. and it's noted that it is fully illegal to fly this at any altitude in the washington d.c. area. so this thing was pretty much doomed from the time it was
launched. >> you have been covering the recreational drone industry for some time. remind us where drones are in terms of legal status. >> it's a grey area. the f.a.a. has been clamping down on commercial use includinguously journalists. the f.a.a. controls the air to 400 feet. it is pushing for rules. there's a blanket prohibition on the commercial use of drones. as a private operator an amateur floating around can go anywhere and fly them around except for a few prescribed places. you cannot do it over airports or in washington d.c. because of federal installations, there are black-out areas. it's a loose, nebulous world that drones occupy. >> haven't we reached a real stinging point here.
someone just flew a 500 toy on to the grounds of the nation's most sensitive building. >> that's right. we are at a tipping point. the great irony of it it's certainly not funny to the manufacturing. the company that did this created another drone that can carry 18 pounds used last week to carry six pounds of methamphet means around the tijuana area. drug cartels are using them to transport drugs. this man randomly flew this into the white house. we have reached a satturition point that's why the f.a.a. need tokm up with rules. >> thank you. two sons of hosni mubarak have been released from prison. they were set free earlier. their convictions on embezzlement were overturned this month they face a retrial
on corruption charges, along with their father. demonstrations marking the fourth anniversary in an uprising. egypt says 23 died in clashes off the country. >> roxana saberi as been following the story. >> egypt's interior minister said members of the muslim brotherhood shot and killed activists. many blamed security forces. pictures show moments after she was shot. a warning some. them are graphic. >> reporter: this video shows cairo on saturday a woman protesting with members of an opposition party. they are chanting bread, freedom and social justice, a slogan of the 2011 uprising. moments later she is on the ground and two gunmen in black appear. a series of graphic photos shows what happens next man runs to help her, embraces her, picks
her up and carries her away. she died soon after. members of her party say police shot her with bird shot or shotgun pellets. other activists blamed the police. >> it has been proven until now that the killers are the security forces. therefore the specialist authorities should look for the killer and the person that took the decision to kill the protesters. all those possible must be tried. >> the interior minister accuses members of the outlawed muslim brotherhood of shooting at protesters. >> the occupied - they occupied some of the rooftops and began to fire shots, bird shots or gunshots resulting in the death of many present. >> the muslim brotherhood were declared a terrorist group after the military ousted mohamed mursi. critics say the government has been using the group to justify its violence against peaceful
protesters. activists say the protests are a sign of discontent. people that came to the streets four years ago were calling for change. >> there has been a dialling back of a political and civil liberties, prior to hosni mubarak's overthrow, not the kind of image that people hoped for four years ago when they took to the streets in trafalgar square to call for something better. >> reporter: activists tell me the government underestimated the numbers killed so far. those demonstrations continue today. it is a day of protest in mexico four months after 43 mexican students disappeared. officials say the students were killed by gang members. the families doubt the government is telling the entire story. adam raney is live for us much good to see you.
what has the turn out been for the protests? >> here in mexico city we are in the heart of the city and seeing thousands of people turn out. if you look at the long line of protesters for the past two hours they have been making their way from a gathering spot on the main avenue in mexico city, and heading to the main plaza. this turn out is a little different in character than previous protests in which we have seen raw anger and passion. what we are seeing here is more organised group, different unions of workers, electrical workers, workers from telephone companies. but you are seeing solidarity with the students and family members. this is the biggest crisis to hit the president since he took office. what we see four months on is it generating thousands to come out into the streets and protest. >> there is a growing doubt and
skepticism about the government's accounts here. tell us why? >> well there has been different stories coming out. different reports that cast a lot of doubt on the official storiment the official story from the attorney-general is that a gang of criminals received the students from local police from the city of agala, took him to a -- iguala. there was groups of engineers and physicists saying it was impossible that 43 were burnt at the dump. there's no evidence and they didn't have another resources to burn that large of a bonfire. there are reports in media that there were several police taking part in the crime, and army looked the other way, and visited some of the injured and wounded students on the night of the attack on september 26th. the army said they didn't know with it. we are seeing the news lines that cast doubt on official
versions and this is a country with little faith in their leaders. they had decades of corruption organised crime. so these news lines and stories coming out have done everything to convince people that the government is lying to them. >> adam raney in mexico city for us. good to see you. thank you. we are continuing to follow the storm system brings heavy snow winds to the north-east. we talked about states of emergency in new york new jersey connecticut, massachusetts. kevin is here with the latest. >> i was looking at the... >> what do you have. >> flight delays. we are up to 4900 delays, and 3100 cancellations. i want to show you what has been happening across the metro area. we are seeing a little break in the snow. you can see the breaks here. don't get too excited. look at what is happening in times square. visibility came up a little bit.
people are meandering around. if you are in new york you don't want to go too far because the subways will be slowing down you don't want to be too far from the hotel. because of the winds that are up the windshield feels lower that what it is. new york feels like 5 degrees, boston 9 degrees there. because of blizzard companies, we'll see these wind gusts begin to increase over the next couple of hours. right now new york is seeing a wind gust of 23, boston of about 30 and like i said with a blizzard situation, we could be seeing well over 35 miles per hour, and that's what i'm expecting. in the 8 o'clock hour, this will look different. >> officials in new york say the storm could be the worse. mass transit will shut by
11:00pm this evening. and there's concern the storms near hurricane force winds will cause beach erosion and flooding. nicole mitchell is live in long beach new york. north island is probably going to get a strong hit, battered by the storm. what is happening there now? >> yes, because as the storm developments and intensifies off the coast line the closer you are to the coast. more of the impact you'll have travelling from new york city to longbeach. 25 miles. it's starting to. they are cranking up a little. later, 50, 60 miles per hour and you talked about the coastal erosion. this is a community hit by sandy a few years ago. you know how exposed this
community is a lot of recovery here. as we get high tides compiping with the winds, we are looking at overnight waves - 60 to 90. that will cause coastal flooding and erosion on top of everything else. that is not just here in long island that's a big concern up the coastline to massachusetts. they are thinking this could reshape some of the coast lines. that is something that they'll have to watch, in addition to all the things that kevin said. with winds gusting in the 30s, feeling like single digits and you see the snow is light for now, but as it ratchets up in some cases coming down at 2-3 inches an hour it will be white out conditions. it will be interesting to see how well you can see me at that point with those conditions. >> high winds, white out
conditions beacher ocean, power outages - you're going to have a lot on your hands. nicole mitchell in longbeach new york joining us on the phone is a man with a lot on his plate. bill fimping, the mayor of brige port connecticut. what kind of snow event are you and the team preparing for? >> we say prepare for the worst hope for the best. it looks like 30 inches of snow will land on the streets. we are concerned about vulnerable people. police are looking for the homeless to get them into shelters. they've been working 24 hours treating the streets with salt and treated salt to make sure we have a confirm grip as long as we can, keep the runs open as long as we can. everyone is busy. >> mr mayor, if you would, i
would like you to put us and those watching in the situation room. what are the a, b cs of communication on a day like this in anticipation of what could be 30 inches of snow on the ground. who is in your upper circle. let's talk about how you get information on this storm, and how you get information to the public? >> well i'm glad you asked that. we have an emergency operation center, which is state of the art. half the building is the 911 call center the other is table tops for the stake holders in the city. imagine a room 100 by 100, and saying this is the hospital table, the transit table. the suers, fire police tables. representatives of each agency cooperates in a flurry of activity for a good 48 hours, where in real time it's shared. what is different in this storm,
and it's exciting to see how it's works. we invested in technology we have an apt. and the citizens send us information in real time which is relaid to the supervisors in the field. so, for example, somebody calling about a stray dog or a car accident we go to the appropriate person immediately in real type and the supervisors that are deploying public employees rabeact. we see not a lot of rehabilitation. we have had about a quarter of a million use the app, which is called be connected. all one word. and residents didn't report anything and get the information to the people to help them. >> maybe i'm a bit of a nerd on this thing, but i like to hear about the resources, the movement of man and materiale. what kinds of assets have you
prestaged in advance of this storm? >> well we have about 839 miles of road of working class densely settled city. we have about 70 ploughs on drugs trucks garbage trucks major trucks, deployed scientifically based on our experience. because we are anticipating large drifts of 4 feet or so they can't be moved. we have 20 front loaders ready to go to get the drifts out of the way. we'll beat the storm. our public display is working like the dickins to make sure we can keep everywhere safe. we want to tell everyone don't use the space heaters or the candle because firefighters will have a tricky time getting to
you, so be safe. >> we can't thank you enough for your time. we'll check in with you tomorrow mayor fimping, so spare a bit of time to give us an update on thou things are going. thank you for your time. >> thank you. >> bill fimping with us. coming up on the program. new research that could change the way doctors treated autism. that's next.
the largest ever study of autism has produced surprising results. researchers found each person has a unique form of the disorder. morgan radford is here with the details. >> that's right. a lot of new information coming out. what is interesting is scientists are not sure what causes autism. there is overwhelming evidence to suggest it's a combination of genes and environmental factors. speaking of those genes, what is interesting about the study is it focussed on 85 families with two siblings with autism. families like of that kevin and
melissa. >> reporter: 20-year-old kevin can't speak, but can communicate. >> don't take this. >> reporter: like asking for his favourite drink. >> i like chocolate milk. it is awesome. >> reporter: like one in 68 kids kevin is autistic and like many of those children he shares autism with his sister 18-year-old melissa. melissa can speak. >> reporter: what are you making here? >> i'm making a squad ler for my baby cousin. >> because autism often runs in families experts thought siblings with the disorder inherited the same genes. a study those that this may not be true. each sibling may have his open form of autism. >> siblings with autism don't necessarily have the same genetic make-up that could be causing their autism. >> reporter: the doctor treats melissa at the laurie center in
massachusetts, where 6,000 patients come through the doors. like many melissa's parents admit having kids with different ability creates a common worry about the future. >> my biggest fear is they won't be loved the way i love them. that they'll be take care of the way i take care of them. >> kevin and melissa's older sister is worried. >> will they lie with me my family. >> amy, the chime's biological mother fell in love with julie, an autism specialist and they were married in 2008. >> i was married for 16 years to my kids' father. my sister said after all these years, i don't get it. >> i said it's not about being with a woman, it's about being with julie. >> amy says to me that she saved my life.
>> reporter: as they prepare for the future they make the most of what they can now. kevin meets with a therapist to learn skills. >> melissa wants more than basic skills she wants companionship. what do you want to do when you get older? >> i hope to raise a family. >> reporter: you want to raise a family. you want to get married and have kids? >> yes. most of the time she was like a friend. socially it's still very hard for her. >> reporter: that doesn't keep her from trying. what do you do again at lexington high school. what do you do? >> basically food press. i prepare burgers and smoothies, and serving lunches to the students there. >> with each interaction she wants you to know one thing - don't count her out. >> for nose struggling with autism don't thing about your disabilities, thing about your
abilities. thing about what you can do. >> think about your abilities. older sister emily is helping in the struggle. admitting that her patience wears thin but is working hard to be part of their support system. >> focus on what you can do not what you can't do. appreciate it morgan radford. good stuff coming up how the paris attacks are impacting the sundance film festival thep it's "real money". . >> coming up on "real money". greece's new government could create turmoil, and private companies race to return to the moon in search of resources that could be worth billions. that and more on "real money".
>> aljazeera america presents a break through television event borderland... >> are you tellin' me it's ok to just open the border, and let em' all run in? >> the teams live through the hardships that forced mira, omar and claudette into the desert. >> running away is not the answer... >> is a chance at a better life worth leaving loved ones behind? >> did omar get a chance to tell you goodbye before he left? >> which side of the fence are you on? >> sometimes immigration is the only alternative people have. borderland only on al jazeera america the annual sundance festival is under way in utah. movies is not the only thing on the agenda. >> attacks on artistic freedom
is a theme at the sundance n independent film festival. following a hacking assault cancelling wide-spread release "the interview," and an attack that killed 12 at a satirical magazine in paris. >> freedom of expression is a danger in a lot of areas, and fundamental to us. and that is evidenced in the film. you see a lot of films that will upset a lot of people. but that is okay. it's diversity. it's showing what there is out there. >> what is out there includes more than 100 films if 29 country. the documentary welcome to leaf explores the impact on a north dakota community when a neo-nazi moves into town. girl hood portrays the lives of african french girls to form a gang. >> fiction as a rule in our society, it's for the balance of our society.
it's very important. it's not sending messages it's raising questions, and it's hypothesis, and helps us think. >> last days in the desert reimagines jesus's fast in the wilderness and temptation by the devil. independent film-makers are pushing boundaries big hollywood studios are less like i to court controversy. >> these are massive corporations with a lot of money at stake. i am sure - i think that these corporations are risk averse to begin with. i think there's a reason why you haven't heard any movies about i.s.i.s., you know or attempting to por trait prophet muhammad you know announced. that would be incredibly difficult to get past all the stages of development. >> reporter: festival organizers say they'll do everything they
can to keep freedom of expression alive at sundance and that is all of our time for this newshour i'm tony harris in new york city. "real money" with ali velshi is next on al jazeera america. greece east new government is all done with austerity and gunning for a better bailout deal for its creditors. that could spell tour moil for america's top trading partners. and the two countries cement closer economic ties. plus money on the moon. it's a race to get there to explore and exploit its resources, maybe make billions one day. i'm ali velshi and this is "real money." ♪